American International Group Inc. (AIG), one of the world's largest insurance companies, announced that it will again delay filing its 2004 annual report and make accounting adjustments that will cut its value by some $2.7 billion — $1 billion more than an earlier estimate.

Shareholders, apparently relieved that New York-based AIG (search) is dealing with problems that have drawn regulatory scrutiny, bid the company's shares up on Monday. AIG shares rose $2.59, or more than 5 percent, to close at $53.44 at the end of regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange (search). That was well above its 52-week low of $49.91.

But Moody's Investors Service lowered AIG's long-term senior debt ratings to AA2 from AA1 and kept it on review for possible further downgrade, while Fitch Ratings agency downgraded AIG's rating to AA from AA-Plus and kept the company on its credit watch negative list.

Fitch analyst Julie A. Burke said the downgrade was in response to "the additional delay as well as the slightly higher number with regard to accounting restatements."

In a statement late Sunday, the company said it will restate its results for the years 2000 to 2003 and delay filing its 2004 annual report until "no later than May 31." The company had twice earlier delayed filing its Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission (search).

AIG said the review by a team of independent auditors as well as its outside audit firm, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, was "nearing completion."

It said in the statement that AIG expects PricewaterhouseCoopers to give it "unqualified audit opinions" on its revised, consolidated financial statements. But it said that PwC would likely issue an "adverse option with respect to AIG's internal control over financial reporting."

The company admitted in its statement that some of the accounting problems were the result of mismanagement.

"As a result of its internal review, AIG management has identified certain control deficiencies, including the ability of certain former members of senior management to circumvent internal controls over financial reporting in certain instances," the statement said. It also acknowledged "ineffective controls" for accounting for certain transactions.

Although the reduction in shareholder value of $2.7 billion is among the highest ever recorded by a company, it represents just 3.3 percent of the insurance giant's $82.87 billion in shareholder equity as of last Dec. 31.

And the reduction will be largely offset by a change in AIG's accounting for hedging activities related to interest rates and foreign currencies. AIG said that it would bring accounting for its hedging activities in line with accepted standards, resulting in a $2.4 billion increase in shareholders' equity, leaving the company with a net $300 million reduction in shareholder equity.

John A. Hall, an analyst with the Prudential Equity Group, said in a research note that he believed the AIG statement "removes some of the uncertainty surrounding the status and strength of the company's balance sheet." Hall rates the stock at "overweight."

The latest statement expands on a previous report issued March 30 in which AIG delayed its annual report and acknowledged a series of accounting problems, including an admission it had improperly booked transactions with a unit of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. (BRKA) that artificially boosted its reserves.

That deal, with Berkshire Hathaway's (search) General Re Corp., is at the center of an investigation led by Attorney General Eliot Spitzer (search) and the SEC into specialized reinsurance contracts, also known as finite risk products. Reinsurance traditionally has been used to spread out risk among insurers, but in some cases, it has been used for the questionable purpose of polishing a company's financial statements. If there is no risk transfer, the deal shouldn't be booked as insurance.

AIG earlier said that its purchase of reinsurance from General Re in the fourth quarter of 2000 and the first quarter of 2001 was improperly booked as insurance.

The broadening investigation led AIG to oust longtime chief executive officer, Maurice "Hank" Greenberg (search), earlier this year. Greenberg, who will be 80 this month, was called to testify before investigators from Spitzer's office as well as the SEC and the New York state Insurance Department last month. He declined to answer questions, based on his right against self-incrimination, saying he had not been given documents he had requested or sufficient time to prepare.

A statement issued by attorney David Boies on behalf of Greenberg challenged the contention that there were audit control deficiencies.

"The suggestion that there were inadequate financial controls at AIG is at odds with the good faith efforts of the board, AIG's auditors and the company's senior management (both those who have left and those who have not)," Boies wrote.

He said Greenberg had not been given an opportunity to review the information that led to AIG's latest statement.

Martin Sullivan, named AIG's president and CEO after Greenberg's ouster, said in the statement issued Sunday that the company is "working diligently" to complete a new filing and that they will assure "accurate financial statements, rigorous accounting, greater transparency and thorough disclosure."

In the latest report, AIG said that among the accounting adjustments and corrections that will reduce its value were:

— $1.2 billion for incorporating the reinsurance activities of Union Excess Reinsurance Company Ltd. as deposits on its books, acknowledging its "ownership interests" in the Barbados-based company.

— $700 million in changes in the fourth quarter of 2004 "including estimates for tax accruals, deferred acquisition costs and other contingencies and allowances."

— $300 million for its Domestic Brokerage group, saying that allowances for doubtful accounts "were not properly recorded in the consolidated financial statements."

— $100 million for accounting for so-called life settlements, which are ways to help elderly people pull money from their policies.

— $200 million for "the incorrect application of accounting principles" related to deferred acquisition costs.