Candidates on a so-called "golden list" backed by conservative Muslim clerics swept the final stage of Saudi Arabia's (search) landmark municipal elections, according to results announced Saturday.

Losing candidates immediately challenged the results of Thursday's balloting, the last of three stages of nationwide municipal elections that began in February. The results further the already strong showing of Islamists in the kingdom's tentative experiment with democracy.

"This is not democracy nor equal opportunity," said Nabil Qamlu (search), a Jiddah lawyer who lost to one of the candidates on the "golden list."

"Next elections I will have to grow a beard in order to get elected," he said. Beards are seen as a sign of a committed Muslim (search) in this religious society.

Whether the results were an indication of popular support or the result of rule-bending clerical involvement, the Saudi monarchy will need to decide how much influence it will allow the Islamists to have. The government still controls the councils, appointing half their members.

Many of the losing candidates alleged the names of certain candidates were circulated on what was dubbed the "golden list" chosen by fundamentalist clerics — a move they said violated an electoral law forbidding the forming of coalitions. The winners also unfairly claimed they had religious backing, the disgruntled candidates said.

Bassam Jamil al-Khadher, one of the winners in Jiddah, a port city on the Red Sea known as one of the more liberal parts of the kingdom, denied any coordination or formal list.

However, a list of names was widely circulated on the Internet and through cell phone text messages.

"Of course, our respected scholars supported us," al-Khadher said. "We are people known for our public service. It is only natural that we will get such support. We are an Islamic country and we are Islamists."

Abdel-Rahman al-Yamani, who secured the most votes in Jiddah — nearly 12,000 of the 55,000 cast in the municipality — attributed the Islamists' success to popular support rather than an organized clerical campaign.

"We are religious people by nature and secular people are not accepted by the society," he said.

The seven winning candidates in Jiddah all appeared on the so-called "golden list." In Mecca, the birthplace of Islam, seven candidates endorsed by the clergy also won. Five of the six winners in Buraydah, capital of ultraconservative Qaseem province, had been given a clerical nod, and Islamists in the holy city of Medina had a strong showing.

Many Islamists also won seats in February and March municipal council polling elsewhere in the kingdom. Though they will have significant sway on local political matters, the government can balance the councils by naming liberals to the half of all council seats reserved for government appointees.

"This proves that it was an enforced choice, predetermined, but if that was the choice of the people, we respect it," said Osama Jamjoom, who lost in the Jiddah race.

He did not plan to lodge a complaint, saying that would be "a waste of time."

Many losing candidates, however, said they would lodge complaints with the election commission against what they described as interference in the elections by the clergy. Previous complaints were largely ignored by the commission.

In Mecca, losing candidate Ibrahim bin Hussein accused the government of turning a blind eye to the clerics' endorsements.

"It wasn't arbitrary or a matter of chance, it was a well-orchestrated and planned campaign," he said. "When you tell people this candidate is good and pious, it means you also tell them that his opponent is not. This matters in a religious society."

Municipal council posts have little power, but many Saudis jumped at the chance to have even a small voice in politics.

Religious minorities like Shiites and Sufis had hoped the elections would give them a chance to assert their rights in a country where the official school of Sunni Islam considers them heretics.