Although about 65 percent of professional football players are African American, only 6 percent of head coaches and 3 percent of chairmen are. The same trend exists in the National Basketball Association (search).

So, are we any closer to reaching equality in sports? Black Enterprise magazine (search) worked with various professional and collegiate sports organizations, industry insiders and experts to determine the 50 Most Powerful Blacks in Sports.

The list is divided into eight categories: agents/promoters; athletes; collegiate decision makers; corporate executives; front-office league executives; front-office team executives; industry association heads, and owners.

• Agents/Promoters

Bill A. Duffy, president of BDA Sports Management
Aaron Goodwin, CEO of Goodwin Sports Management
Don King, boxing promoter, Don King Productions Inc.
Eugene E. Parker, president of Maximum Sports Management
C. Lamont Smith, president and CEO of All Pro Sports and Entertainment Inc.
William L. Strickland, president and CEO of Strickland Management Group LLC

• Athletes

Michael Jordan, NBA legend
Serena Williams, professional tennis player
Tiger Woods, professional golfer

• Collegiate Decision Makers

Bob Chichester, director of athletics, University of California, Irvine
Damon Evans, director of athletics, University of Georgia
Herman Frazier, director of athletics, University of Hawaii
Mike Garrett, director of athletics, University of Southern California
Craig Littlepage, director of athletics, University of Virginia
Lee Reed, director of athletics, University of Cleveland State University
Gene Smith, director of athletics, Arizona State University
Keith Tribble, CEO of the Orange Bowl Committee

• Corporate Executives

Adrian E. Bracy, VP of finance, St. Louis Rams
Donna Bryan, VP of business affairs, NBC Sports
Kery D. Davis, senior VP, sports programming, HBO
Trevor Edwards, corporate VP of global brand management, Nike
Larry Miller, president of Nike Jordan Brand
David B. Rone, executive VP, network development and rights acquisitions, FOX Sports

• Front-Office League Executives

Shawn Lawson Cummings, VP international corporate sponsorship and licensing, MLB Properties
Harold R. Henderson, executive VP for labor relations/chairman of management council executive committee, NFL
Stu Jackson, senior VP basketball operations, NBA
Jonathan Mariner, executive VP and chief financial officer, MLB
Art Shell, senior VP of football operations and development, NFL
Jimmie Lee Solomon Jr., senior VP of baseball operations, MLB
Gene Washington, director of football operations, NFL
Bob Watson, VP of on-field operations, MLB

• Front-Office Team Executives

Elgin Baylor, VP of basketball operations, Los Angeles Clippers
Wayne Cooper, VP of basketball operations, Sacramento Kings
Joe Dumars, president of basketball operations, Detroit Pistons
Rod Graves, VP of football operations, Arizona Cardinals
James Harris, VP of player personnel, Jacksonville Jaguars
Billy King, president/general manager, Philadelphia 76ers
Martin Mayhew, senior VP/assistant general manager, Detroit Lions
Steve Mills, president and COO, MSG Sports
Ozzie Newsome, general manager/executive VP, Baltimore Ravens
Ed Tapscott, president and COO, Charlotte Bobcats/Charlotte Sting
Isiah Thomas, president of basketball operations, New York Knicks
Terdema Ussery, president and CEO, Dallas Mavericks
Ken Williams, senior VP/general manager, Chicago White Sox
Reggie Williams, VP, Disney Sports Attractions, Inc.

• Industry Association

Billy Hunter, executive director, National Basketball Players Association
Floyd Keith, executive director, Black Coaches Association
Gene Upshaw, executive director, National Football League Players Association
Pamela M. Wheeler, director of operations, Women's National Basketball Association

• Owners

Robert L. Johnson, CEO of RLJ Development LLC/owner, Charlotte Bobcats/Charlotte Sting