Factory Orders Dip on Falling Aircraft Demand

New orders at U.S. factories fell unexpectedly in August after a sharp fall in demand for civilian aircraft, government data showed on Monday. But excluding transport equipment, the data showed reasonable strength.

The Commerce Department (search) said factory orders shrank 0.1 percent in August, posting the first decline in four months after gaining a revised 1.7 percent in July. This was originally reported as up 1.3 percent.

Wall Street had forecast orders to grow just 0.1 percent after modest August readouts from surveys of purchasing managers amid soaring oil prices.

Civilian aircraft orders, often a volatile series, dived 42.9 percent. But excluding transportation the numbers were up 1.3 percent, and this solid tone chimes with recent forward-looking indicators that signal the underlying tone for factory activity remained healthy in the third quarter.

The Institute for Supply Management's (search) manufacturing index dipped slightly to 58.5 in September from 59.0 a month earlier, according to data released on Friday. That was the index's lowest level in nearly a year, but still marked the 16th straight month of expansion since it was above the threshold of 50.

Commerce Department data showed that aircraft-led demand for durable goods — big ticket items meant to last three years or more — fell 0.3 percent in August compared with a 1.9 percent gain in July.

Nondurable goods, which make up a bit less than half of all factory orders, were up 0.2 percent after a revised 1.3 percent gain in July. This was initially reported as a 1.0 percent rise.

Factory inventories were up 0.5 percent in August, Commerce said. The inventories-to-shipments ratio, an indication of how fast inventories would run empty at the current pace of shipment, was unchanged at 1.23 months.