Insurgents in Iraq have kidnapped more than 135 foreigners in their campaign to drive out coalition forces and hamper reconstruction:
— Ten Turkish employees of the construction company VISNAN. Kidnapping reported in a video broadcast Sept. 18 and attributed to the Salafist Brigades of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq. The Ankara-based company said Sept. 21 that it was freezing operations in hopes of saving the workers.
— Three Lebanese travel agency workers, Fadi Munir Yassin, Cherbal Karam Haj and Aram Nalbandian, and their driver, Iraqi Ahmed Mirza. Kidnapped Sept. 17 on the road between Baghdad and Fallujah.
— Americans Jack Hensley and British engineer Kenneth Bigley. Kidnapped in Baghdad on Sept. 16 along with Eugene Armstrong (search), an American civil engineer. Employed by Gulf Services Co. of the United Arab Emirates. A video issued Sept. 18 in the name of Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (search) threatens their lives unless the U.S. frees all Iraqi women in custody; a video posted Sept. 20 showed the beheading of a man identified as Armstrong.
— Italian aid workers Simona Pari and Simona Torretta, both 29. Abducted in Baghdad on Sept. 7.
— Christian Chesnot, 37, and George Malbrunot, 41, French journalists. Disappeared Aug. 21 while apparently driving toward Najaf.
— Faridoun Jihani, Iranian consul to Karbala. In video made public Aug. 7, kidnappers accuse Iran of meddling in Iraq's affairs.
— Vlada Abu Ghadi, Lebanese director of Lara construction company. Abducted July 31 in Baghdad.
— Aban Elias, 41, Iraqi-American. Held since May 3 by group calling itself the Islamic Rage Brigade.
— American Eugene Armstrong, 52, formerly of Hillsdale, Mich. A video broadcast Sept. 20 showed a man identified as Armstrong being beheaded by al-Zarqawi.
— Durmus Kumdereli, Turkish truck driver. Beheaded in a video made public Sept. 13 but digitally dated Aug. 17. Video was posted on a Web site known for carrying statements from al-Zarqawi's group, Tawhid and Jihad.
— Twelve Nepalese workers. One beheaded and 11 shot in the head and killed in a video posted on an Islamic Web site Aug. 31. The men worked for a Jordan-based construction company. Killings claimed by the Ansar al-Sunna Army, a Sunni group that also said Sept. 19 that it beheaded three Iraqi Kurds.
— Enzo Baldoni, Italian journalist. Reported killed Aug. 26 by militants.
— Murat Yuce, of Turkey. Shot and killed in video made public Aug. 2. Worked for Turkish company Bilintur.
— Raja Azad, 49, engineer, and Sajad Naeem, 29, driver, both Pakistani, working for Kuwaiti-based firm. Slain July 28. Group calling itself Islamic Army in Iraq said they were killed because Pakistan considering sending troops to Iraq.
— Georgi Lazov, 30, and Ivaylo Kepov, 32, Bulgarian truck drivers. Militants loyal to al-Zarqawi suspected of decapitating both men.
— Kim Sun-il (search), 33, South Korea translator. Beheaded June 22 by al-Zarqawi's group.
— Hussein Ali Alyan, 26, Lebanese construction worker. Found shot to death June 12. Lebanese Foreign Ministry says killers sought ransom, not political goal.
— Fabrizio Quattrocchi, 35, Italian security guard. Killed April 14. Previously unknown group, the Green Battalion, claimed responsibility.
— Nicholas Berg (search), 26, American businessman. Beheaded by al-Zarqawi's group after being kidnapped in April.
— Thomas Hamill (search), 44, American truck driver. Escaped May 2 after being wounded in April 9 ambush on fuel convoy.
— Radoslaw Kadri, Polish businessman. Escaped by jumping from car near U.S. troops after abduction June 1.
HOSTAGES FREED OR RESCUED
— Alaa Thabet Youssif, a Jordanian civil servant, claimed on Sept. 19 to have been taken hostage 15 days earlier and released. It had not been known previously Youssif was kidnapped.
— Micah Garen, freelance Western journalist, and Amir Doushi, Iraqi translator. Seized by gunmen Aug. 13. Released after an appeal by aides of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
— James Brandon, British freelance journalist. Kidnapped Aug. 12 and freed the next day.
— Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb, Egyptian diplomat. Abducted July 23. Militants said they seized him because Egypt said it would send security experts to Iraq. Freed July 26.
— Angelo dela Cruz, Filipino truck driver. Kidnapped July 4. Freed July 22 after Philippines withdrew 51 troops from Iraq.
— Also freed: 21 Turks, 13 Jordanians, 10 Lebanese, five Japanese, five Chinese, three Kenyans, three Czechs, three Italians, three Indians, two Russians, two Egyptians, a Pakistani, a Somali, a Frenchman, a Pole, a Syrian-Canadian, and an Arab Christian from East Jerusalem.
MISSING IN IRAQ
— U.S. Army Spc. Keith M. Maupin, 20, of Batavia, Ohio. Disappeared April 9 after an attack on a fuel convoy. Arab television reported June 29 that he was killed but did not broadcast a video it said showed his shooting death. U.S. military could not confirm that a man shown being shot in videotape was Maupin; he is officially listed by the military as missing.
— William Bradley and Timothy Bell. American contract truckers last seen after April 9 convoy attack.
RETURNED FROM IRAQ
— Marine Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun. Failed to report for duty in Iraq June 20. Videotaped images showed him apparently kidnapped. Emerged unharmed in Lebanon, July 8. Brought back to the United States. Denies having deserted.