Some major cases in which the Justice Department has brought charges of providing material support to terrorist organizations.

—July 2000: 18 people are charged with smuggling cigarettes out of North Carolina to raise money for the Hezbollah (search) terrorist group in Lebanon. In June 2002 the ringleader, Mohamad Hammoud (search), became the first person convicted under the material support law and received a 155-year sentence.

—September 2001: An apartment raid six days after the Sept. 11 attacks led prosecutors to four members of an alleged terrorist sleeper cell. Two men were convicted in June of material support and other charges, one was convicted of fraud charges and one was acquitted.

—August 2002: Earnest James Ujaama (search) is charged in Seattle with conspiring to provide support to Al Qaeda by trying to set up a terror training camp in nearby Oregon. He pleaded guilty to lesser charges and agreed to cooperate with the government.

—October 2002: Six men of Yemeni descent are charged for visiting an Al Qaeda camp in Afghanistan, training with weapons and other activities. All the "Lackawanna Six" later plead guilty, some to revised charges, and agree to cooperate with the government.

—October 2002: Six people are charged in Portland, Ore., with attempting to travel to Afghanistan to join the former Taliban government and fight U.S. forces. A seventh man, Maher "Mike" Hawash, is charged in April and agreed this month to plead guilty to lesser charges in exchange for cooperation.

—June 2003: Ohio truck driver Iyman Faris pleads guilty to material support charges. Authorities say he was scouting possible targets for Al Qaeda, including the Brooklyn Bridge in New York.

—August 2003: Hemant Lakhani, a British citizen, is charged in New Jersey with providing material support to terror groups after allegedly attempting to sell a shoulder-fired missile to a person working for the FBI.