While only slightly more Americans describe themselves as "hawks" than as "doves" when it comes to military matters, by more than three-to-one the public supports military action to remove Iraqi President Saddam Hussein from power.

According to the latest FOX News poll, conducted by Opinion Dynamics Corporation, two-thirds of Americans (67 percent) support U.S. military action against Iraq -- the same level of support as before the president's State of the Union address on Tuesday evening.  Among "hawks," that support climbs to 83 percent, and even among "doves" a majority still supports ousting Saddam (52 percent).

When asked to describe themselves on military matters, 38 percent say they are a hawk, 31 percent say dove, and 16 percent say it depends.  President Bush is seen as a hawk by 67 percent and as a dove by only 9 percent of the public.

Overall, fully 87 percent of Americans believe Iraq is deceiving inspectors by hiding chemical and biological or other weapons of mass destruction, and almost as many (81 percent) believe Saddam has ties to the Al Qaeda terrorist group. 

Even so, almost as many people think the burden to prove Iraq's compliance (or lack thereof) with the United Nations Resolution 1441 lies with Bush as with Saddam.   Almost 4 in 10 (38 percent) think it is up to President Bush to prove Iraq still has weapons of mass destruction, while 37 percent think Iraq needs to prove it has disarmed and 17 percent think both sides need to provide proof.

In many areas, President Bush enjoys fairly strong levels of confidence from the public.  The poll, taken in the days following the president's speech, shows that 67 percent of Americans say they are confident the president will make the right decision about the use of U.S. soldiers in Iraq, with 40 percent saying "very" confident. 

In addition, strong majorities rate Bush's leadership skills and "judgment in a crisis" positively, and his overall job approval rating remains a respectable 59 percent.  This poll marks the first time the president's job rating has been below 60 percent since before the September 2001 terrorist attacks.

There is the sense by some (40 percent), that the president is spending too much time on the war against terrorism and not enough time on domestic issues.  Bush's job approval rating on the issue of terrorism is 72 percent, a full 30 percentage points higher than on the nation's economy.   In fact, for the first time in his presidency, more people disapprove (48 percent) of Bush's job performance on the economy than approve (42 percent).

"President Bush is in much the same position his father was," comments Opinion Dynamics President John Gorman. "On the one hand, people have tremendous confidence in him as war leader -- even if they have somewhat mixed feelings about the war.  But, if he gets the war over with, people will focus right back on the economy, where his ratings are now negative.  Of course, if he doesn't get the war over with quickly, they could also turn against him on that."

The president's job performance on these issues may be lopsided, but the level of concern is much closer.  Those saying they are very concerned about the nation's economy stands at 66 percent and, similarly, 70 percent say they are very concerned about war with Iraq.

Plurality Felt Better After Bush Speech

By a more than two-to-one margin, Americans who say they watched President Bush's address to the nation on Tuesday night say they felt better (41 percent) about the state of the union after the speech (16 percent felt worse and 36 percent say they felt the same). 

Almost three-quarters of speech watchers rate the content of the president's State of the Union address positively (30 percent saying "excellent"), according to the latest FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll.  In addition, 74 percent give Bush's positive marks for his sincerity as he delivered his remarks (45 percent "excellent).  Overall, 64 percent of Americans say they watched at least part of Bush's speech.

There is little difference in the level of support for military action against Iraq between speech watchers and those who didn't watch, but the level of confidence in Bush's use of troops is much stronger among those who watched.  Forty-five percent of speech watchers say they are "very" confident in Bush's deciding when to use the military in Iraq compared to 29 percent of non-viewers.

Polling was conducted by telephone January 29-30, 2003 in the evenings. The sample is 900 registered voters nationwide with a margin of error of ± 3 percentage points. Results are of registered voters, unless otherwise noted. LV = likely voters

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the job George W. Bush is doing as president?

  Approve Disapprove (Dk)
29-30 Jan 03 59% 28 13
14-15 Jan 03 63% 28 9
17-18 Dec 02 65% 26 9
3-4 Dec 02 65% 24 11
19-20 Nov 02 68% 20 12

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Colin Powell is doing as secretary of state?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
29-30 Jan 03 77% 10 13
8-9 Sep 02 80% 9 11
16-17 Apr 02 82% 7 11
17-18 Oct 01 87% 5 8

3. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Donald Rumsfeld is doing as secretary of defense?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
29-30 Jan 03 58% 20 22
8-9 Sep 02 63% 17 20
30-31 Jan 02 77% 9 14
12-13 Dec 01 78% 6 16
28-29 Nov 01 80% 4 16
14-15 Nov 01 78% 5 17
17-18 Oct 01 75% 7 18

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Tom Ridge is doing as secretary of Homeland Security?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
29-30 Jan 03 43% 15 42
9-10 Jul 02 47% 14 39
12-13 Mar 02 48% 9 43
30-31 Jan 02 47% 10 43
31 Oct-1 Nov 01 41% 8 51

5. In your everyday conversations with friends and neighbors, what topic would you say comes up most often these days? (OPEN ENDED)

  29-30 Jan 03 3-4 Dec 02 24-25 Sep 02
Iraq/Saddam Hussein 42% 13% 13%
The economy 19 22 9
Family issues 5 7 5
Work/Jobs/Employment 5 6 3
Politics/Political issues 3 4 5
9/11 /Terrorism/War on Terror 3 16 12
Education/Schools 3 3 3
Sports 2 3 2
Health Care 2 2 2
Weather 2 2 2
Local issues 1 3 1
Stock market/Finances/Money 1 3 2
Current events/World news 1 2 3
Religion/Bible 1 1 1
Taxes 1 1 1
Elderly/Social Security - 1 -
Middle East - 1 2
Drugs/Crime - - 1
Other/Nothing 3 6 5
(DK/Ref) 6 4 28

Do you approve or disapprove of the job President Bush is doing on the following issues?
SCALE: 1. Approve 2. Disapprove 3. (Don't know)

6. Taxes

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 49% 39 12
6-7 Jun 01* 59% 29 12
28-29 Mar 01* 54% 31 15

* "Setting tax policy"

7. Education

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 54% 30 16
6-7 Jun 01* 52% 26 22
28-29 Mar 01* 57% 20 23

* "Setting education policy"

8. The environment

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 47% 35 18
6-7 Jun 01* 40% 41 19

* "Setting environmental policy"

9. Dealing with Congress

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 60% 20 20
23-24 Jul 02 62% 21 17
30 Apr-1 May 02 66% 16 18
9-10 Jan 02 70% 13 17

10. Terrorism

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 72% 20 8
3-4 Dec 02** 66% 22 12
22-23 Oct 02** LV 67% 22 11
24-25 Sep 02** 70% 23 7
23-24 Jul 02** 77% 17 6
4-5 Jun 02** 73% 18 9
30 Apr-1 May 02** 78% 16 6
12-13 Mar 02* 84% 9 7
9-10 Jan 02** 89% 6 5
18-19 Oct 01* 89% 7 4
4-5 Oct 01* 86% 7 7
20-21 Sept 01* 88% 8 4

** "Handling terrorism "

* "Responding to the terrorist attacks"

11. Energy

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 47% 31 22
23-24 Jul 02* 45% 31 24
30 Apr-1 May 02* 47% 32 21
9-10 Jan 02* 45% 27 28
6-7 Jun 01* 38% 43 19
28-29 Mar 01* 39% 33 28

* "Setting energy policy"

12. The economy

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 42% 48 10
3-4 Dec 02* 47% 40 13
22-23 Oct 02 LV* 48% 42 10
24-25 Sep 02* 52% 36 12
23-24 Jul 02* 55% 37 8
4-5 Jun 02* 62% 28 10
30 Apr-1 May 02* 64% 29 7
9-10 Jan 02* 59% 27 14
6-7 Jun 01* 52% 29 19
28-29 Mar 01* 52% 27 21

* "Managing the economy"

13. Foreign affairs

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
29-30 Jan 03 57% 32 11
23-24 Jul 02* 70% 22 8
4-5 Jun 02* 67% 24 9
30 Apr-1 May 02* 68% 25 7
9-10 Jan 02* 79% 12 9
6-7 Jun 01* 55% 23 22
28-29 Mar 01* 52% 22 26

* "Managing foreign affairs"

Summary -- Bush Job Approval Ratings

  Approve Disapprove (Don't know)
Overall 59% 28 13
Terrorism 72% 20 8
Dealing w/Congress 60% 20 20
Foreign affairs 57% 32 11
Education 54% 30 16
Taxes 49% 39 12
Energy 47% 31 22
The environment 47% 35 18
The economy 42% 48 10

14. With regard to military matters, do you generally think of yourself as a "hawk" or a "dove"? (Well, which way do you lean . . . ) ROTATE

1. Hawk 38%
2. Dove 31
3. (Depends/Combo) 16
4. (Not sure) 15

15. What about the president -- would you describe President Bush as a hawk or a dove?

1. Hawk 67%
2. Dove 9
3. (Depends/Combo) 12
4. (Not sure) 12

How concerned are you about each of the following?
SCALE: 1. Very concerned 2. Somewhat concerned 3. Not very concerned 4. Not at all concerned 5. (Not sure)

16. The nation's economy

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 66% 27 5 2 -
3-4 Dec 02 50% 36 9 4 1
22-23 Oct 02 LV 58% 32 7 2 1

17. Terrorist attacks in the United States

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 62% 29 7 2 -
3-4 Dec 02* 40% 40 14 4 2
22-23 Oct 02* LV 53% 35 8 3 1

* "Terrorist attacks"

18. War with Iraq

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 70% 22 4 3 1

19. The stock market

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 42% 35 11 9 3
3-4 Dec 02 35% 36 13 12 4
22-23 Oct 02 LV 42% 33 14 7 4

20. Do you think the recently created Department of Homeland Security will make the United States safer from terrorism or not?

1. Yes 50%
2. No 32
3. (Not sure) 18

21. Did you watch any of President Bush's State of the Union address Tuesday night?

1. Yes 64%
2. No 36
3. (Not sure) -

22. (If watched, n=577) How would you rate the CONTENT of President Bush's speech on a scale of excellent, good, only fair or poor?

1. Excellent 30%
2. Good 41
3. Only fair 19
4. Poor 7
5. (Not sure) 3

23. (If watched, n=577) How would you rate President Bush's sincerity as he delivered the speech on a scale of excellent, good, only fair or poor?

1. Excellent 45%
2. Good 29
3. Only fair 15
4. Poor 9
5. (Not sure) 2

24. (If watched, n=577) After the speech, did you feel better or worse about the state of the union?

1. Better 41%
2. Worse 16
3. (Same) 36
4. (Better about some things, worse about others) 4
5. (Not sure) 3

25. How confident are you that President Bush will make the right decision regarding the use of U.S. troops in Iraq?
SCALE: 1. Very confident 2. Somewhat confident 3. Not very confident 4. Not at all confident 5. (Not sure)

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 40% 27 17 13 3
19-20 Nov 02 42% 28 12 12 6
22-23 Oct 02 LV 39% 27 15 14 5

26. Do you support or oppose U.S. military action to disarm Iraq and remove

  Support Oppose (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03** 67% 21 12
14-15 Jan 03** 67% 25 8
17-18 Dec 02** 65% 23 12
19-20 Nov 02** 68% 18 14
22-23 Oct 02 LV** 62% 27 11
8-9 Oct 02 LV** 72% 17 11
24-25 Sep 02 58% 27 15
8-9 Sep 02 66% 22 12
6-7 Aug 02 69% 22 9
9-10 Jul 02 72% 18 10
30 Apr-1 May 02 70% 20 10
30-31 Jan 02 74% 15 11
28-29 Nov 01* 77% 22 11

** Wording: " . . . to disarm Iraq and . . ."

* Wording: " . . . action against Iraq and Iraqi President Saddam Hussein"

27. Do you believe Iraq is hiding chemical and biological weapons or other weapons of mass destruction from the inspectors?

1. Yes 87%
2. No 3
3. (Not sure) 10

28. Do you believe Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has ties to the terrorist group Al Qaeda?

1. Yes 81%
2. No 6
3. (Not sure) 13

29. Do you think the United States will definitely go to war with Iraq or is there a chance that war will be prevented?

1. Definitely go to war 59%
2. Chance war will be prevented 31
3. (Not sure) 10

30. In November, the United Nations passed Resolution 1441 that required Iraq to prove it does not have chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons programs. Some people have suggested that before military action is taken the Bush Administration needs to prove that Iraq actually has these weapons. Which do you agree with more?

1. It is up to Saddam Hussein to prove Iraq has disarmed 37%
2. It is up to President Bush to prove that Iraq still has weapons of mass destruction 38
3. (Both) 17
4. (Not sure) 8

31. How likely do you think it is that another terrorist attack causing large numbers of American lives to be lost will happen in the near future?
SCALE: 1. Very likely 2. Somewhat likely 3. Not very likely 4. Not likely at all 5. (Not sure)

  Very Somewhat Not very Not (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03 31% 46 13 4 6
3-4 Dec 02 37% 39 13 4 7
30 Apr-1 May 02 33% 43 14 5 5
12-13 Feb 02 28% 45 18 5 4
3-4 Oct 01 33% 38 16 6 7

32. Do you think there will be more terrorist attacks in the United States whether or not there is a war with Iraq?

1. Yes, there will be more attacks 80%
2. No, we can end attacks 11
3. (Not sure) 9

33. Do you think President Bush is spending:
1. Too much time on the war against terrorism and not enough time on the economy and other domestic issues, 2. Too much time on domestic issues and not enough time on the war, or 3. Is he spending the right balance of time on the war and on domestic issues? 4. (Not sure)

  Too Much Time on Terror Too Much Time on Domestic Right Balance (NS)
29-30 Jan 03 40% 2 52 6
30-31 Jan 02 23% 4 66 7

On a scale of excellent, good, only fair and poor, how would you rate President Bush's:

34. Knowledge of the issues

  Excellent Good Fair Poor (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03 30% 38 19 10 3
30-31 Jan 02 30% 41 20 6 3
11-12 Jul 01 14% 40 28 14 4
14-15 Mar 01 14% 43 26 13 4

35. Leadership skills

  Excellent Good Fair Poor (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03 33% 36 18 11 2
30-31 Jan 02 40% 37 17 5 1
11-12 Jul 01 18% 36 27 15 4
14-15 Mar 01 22% 38 23 11 6

36. Moral standards

  Excellent Good Fair Poor (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03 43% 33 12 7 5
30-31 Jan 02 41% 37 14 5 3
11-12 Jul 01 25% 42 19 8 6
14-15 Mar 01 36% 39 14 5 6

37. Judgment in a crisis

  Excellent Good Fair Poor (Not sure)
29-30 Jan 03 33% 35 17 10 5
30-31 Jan 02 43% 38 13 4 2
11-12 Jul 01 15% 33 21 12 19