Alfred Henry "Freddy" Heineken, 78. Dutchman who helped make his namesake beer one of the world's most popular. Jan. 3.
John W. Reynolds, 80. Former Wisconsin governor and federal judge who in 1976 ordered the end of segregation in Milwaukee schools. Jan. 6.
Dave Thomas, 69. The pitchman whose homespun ads built Wendy's into one of the world's most successful fast-food enterprises. Jan. 8.
Alexander Prokhorov, 85. Russian scientist who shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in physics; work led to the development of the laser. Jan. 8.
The Rev. W.A. Criswell, 92. Former president of the Southern Baptist Convention who clashed with liberal theologians over his belief the Bible is literally true. Jan. 10.
Cyrus Vance, 84. As secretary of state in the Carter administration, he promoted human rights and better relations with Russia and China. Jan. 12.
Henry S. Reuss, 89. Fourteen-term Wisconsin congressman who championed the environment; known as "an old liberal's liberal." Jan. 12.
Charity Adams Earley, 83. First black officer in the Women's Army Corps, commander of the only unit of black women to serve overseas during World War II. Jan. 13.
Michael Bilandic, 78. He became Chicago mayor after Richard J. Daley died in 1976. Jan. 15. Norman Kay, 74. Dubbed "the Babe Ruth of bridge." Jan. 17.
Harvey Matusow, 75. Former aide to Sen. Joseph McCarthy who was imprisoned for lying in 1952 testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Jan. 17.
John A. Young, 85. Eleven-term congressman from Texas who was in the motorcade carrying President Kennedy when he was assassinated. Jan. 22.
Stanley Marcus, 96. As chairman of Neiman Marcus, he turned the Dallas department store into a symbol of luxury and customer service. Jan. 22.
Daniel Pearl, 38. Wall Street Journal reporter known for a passion for journalism and relentless curiosity. Disappeared Jan. 23 in Pakistan; murdered.
Joshua Miner, 81. He founded the Outward Bound USA education program, which instills confidence by putting students through outdoor challenges. Jan. 29.
Retired Col. Francis Gabreski, 83. Fighter pilot who recorded 37 1/2 kills, known as "America's Greatest Living Ace." Jan. 31.
William T. Dillard Sr., 87. He built Dillard's, one of the nation's largest retail chains. Feb. 8. Princess Margaret, 71. The high-spirited and unconventional sister of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II. Feb. 9.
Retired Lt. Gen. Vernon A. Walters, 85. An aide to seven presidents who also served as ambassador to the United Nations and Germany. Feb. 10.
Victor Posner, 83. Corporate raider who amassed a multibillion-dollar empire and once owned Arby's and Royal Crown Cola. Feb. 11.
John W. Gardner, 89. The former health, education and welfare secretary helped launch Medicare, founded Common Cause and became known as "the father of campaign finance reform." Feb. 16.
Jonas Savimbi, 67. Angola's charismatic rebel leader who was backed by the United States but later became a pariah when he refused to end his country's devastating civil war. Feb. 22. Killed in battle.
Gordon Matthews, 65. Inventor of voice mail, which he patented in 1982. Feb. 23.
Howard Cannon, 90. Four-term senator from Nevada who was the target of a notorious bribery attempt that led to the conviction of Teamsters president Roy Lee William in 1982. March 6.
James Tobin, 84. Yale economist who won the Nobel for his portfolio theory and was the "intellectual force" behind President Kennedy's tax cut. March 11.
Elaine Crispen Sawyer, 62. Nancy Reagan's press secretary. March 12.
Henry Woods, 83. Longtime federal judge who presided over the Little Rock, Ark., school desegregation battle. March 14.
Thomas Winship, 81. As editor of The Boston Globe from 1965 to 1984, he led the paper to 12 Pulitzers. March 14.
Alonzo G. Decker Jr., 94. He turned Black & Decker, co-founded by his father, into a giant by realizing power tools had a place in the home. March 18.
Maud Farris-Luse, 115. Onetime hotel maid and mother of seven, the Michigan woman was recognized by Guinness World Records as the oldest living person. March 18.
The Rev. Carl McIntire, 95. A fiery radio preacher whose unswerving right-wing views won him a wide following. March 19.
Rabbi Israel Miller, 83. As leader of the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany, he worked to obtain compensation for Holocaust survivors. March 21.
Herman Talmadge, 88. Former Georgia governor and U.S. senator who went from staunch segregationist to a moderate who drew strong support from blacks. March 21.
Queen Mother Elizabeth, 101. Britain's beloved "Queen Mum," a symbol of courage and dignity during a tumultuous century of war, social upheaval and royal scandal. March 30.
Walter Drake, 80. He turned a tiny family business into the nationwide mail-order company bearing his name. March 30.
John Robinson Pierce, 92. Electrical engineer who coined the word "transistor." April 2.
J. William Stanton, 78.
Ohio Republican who championed world banking and hunger issues for nearly two decades in Congress. April 11.
Byron R. White, 84. Retired Supreme Court Justice who served 31 years, 1962-93, longer than all but eight justices; known as a law-and-order conservative. April 15.
Jay Chiat, 70. Top advertising executive who sparked the annual Super Bowl ad frenzy. April 23.
Ruth Handler, 85. She co-founded the Mattel toy company and created Barbie, the world's most popular doll and an American icon. April 27.
Alexander Lebed, 52. The gruff former general who helped defeat the 1991 hard-line Soviet coup. April 28. Helicopter crash.
Hugo Banzer, 75. Former president of Bolivia, a one-time dictator who led his country to democracy. May 5.
Earl Shaffer, 83. First person to hike all 2,160 miles of the Appalachian Trail in one journey, in 1948. May 5.
Pim Fortuyn, 54. Dutch politician who attacked immigration and high taxes, shifting the political agenda of the Netherlands. May 6. Assassinated.
Joseph Bonanno, 97. The notorious gangster known as "Joe Bananas" ran one of the most powerful Mafia groups in the 1950s and '60s. May 11.
Stephen Jay Gould, 60. Paleontologist and author who eloquently demystified science for the public and challenged his colleagues with revolutionary ideas about evolution. May 20. Cancer.
Richard D. Mudd, 101. He spent much of his life trying to overturn his grandfather's conviction on charges of aiding Abraham Lincoln assassin, John Wilkes Booth. May 21.
Milton C. Shedd, 79. SeaWorld co-founder known as the "Walt Disney of the Sea." May 24.
Henry Potter, 83. Navigator for Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle in America's first bombing raid against Japan during World War II. May 27.
Flora Lewis, 79. Journalist whose probing analysis of international affairs appeared in newspapers for nearly six decades. June 2.
John Gotti, 61. He swaggered, schemed and murdered his way to the pinnacle of organized crime in America only to be toppled by secret FBI tapes and a turncoat's testimony. June 10.
John A. Murphy, 72. Former Miller Brewing Co. president when it introduced Miller Lite and adopted its blue-collar slogan "It's Miller time." June 16.
Jack C. Montgomery, 84. He stormed a row of German machine-gun nests at the Battle of Anzio in 1944, earning the Medal of Honor. June 16.
Winnifred Quick Van Tongerloo, 98. The Michigan woman was one the four known survivors of the Titanic sinking. July 4.
Benjamin O. Davis Jr., 89. Leader of the famed all-black Tuskegee Airmen during World War II and the first black general in the Air Force. July 4.
Suliman Olayan, 83. Saudi businessman and one of the wealthiest men in the world. July 4.
William B. Ruger, 86. Founder of Sturm, Ruger and Co. Inc., one of the largest firearms manufacturers in the United States. July 6.
John Wallach, 59. A foreign correspondent whose Middle East experience inspired him to start Seeds of Peace, a camp for teenagers from warring lands. July 11. Lung cancer.
Joaquin Balaguer, 95. One of the last strongmen in Latin America, he ruled the Dominican Republic for 22 years and dominated its politics long afterward. July 14.
Prince Ahmed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, 43. Saudi Arabian prince who owned 2002 Kentucky Derby winner War Emblem. July 22. Heart attack.
William Pierce, 68. White supremacist whose book "The Turner Diaries" is believed to have inspired Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh. July 23.
Eugene Odum, 88. Scientist who helped advance the science of ecology and the concept of an integrated ecosystem. Aug. 10.
Alpha Robertson, 83. She lost her youngest child in the Birmingham, Ala., church bombing in 1963 and testified decades later to help convict two Klansmen. Aug. 11.
Ed Headrick, 78. Father of the modern Frisbee and designer of Wham-O's first "professional model" flying disc. Aug. 12.
Stephen P. Yokich, 66. The former president of the United Auto Workers (1995-2002) known for never shying away from a fight to improve the lives of union members. Aug. 16.
Abu Nidal, 65. Terrorist mastermind who led one of the most ruthless of Palestinian militant factions that killed at least 275 people. About Aug. 16. Shot to death in Iraq.
Sri Swami Satchidananda, 87. Guru who advocated respect for all faiths through his motto "Truth is One, Paths are Many" and founded Yogaville in rural Virginia. Aug. 19.
Martin Kamen, 89. Helped revolutionize science through his co-discovery of the radioactive isotope carbon-14, used in determining the date of organic material. Sept. 1.
W. Clement Stone, 100. Parlayed $100 into a $2 billion insurance empire and was known as much for giving away his vast fortune as for making it. Sept. 3.
Uzi Gal, 79. Israeli who invented the Uzi submachine gun. Sept. 7.
William Rosenberg, 86. Founded the Dunkin' Donuts chain and saw it spread from coast to coast. Sept. 20.
Angelo Buono Jr., 67. His gruesome killing of young Los Angeles women in the 1970s earned him the nickname "Hillside Strangler." Sept. 21.
Rep. Patsy Mink, 74. Twelve-term congresswoman, one of Hawaii's most liberal politicians who was an early opponent of the Vietnam War. Sept. 28.
Dr. Ronald Malt, 70. Lead surgeon of a team that in 1962 performed the first successful reattachment of a human limb. Oct. 5.
Prince Claus, 76. German-born husband of the Netherlands' Queen Beatrix whose charm won him the affection of his adopted nation. Oct. 6.
Bill Green, 73. Former congressman, a liberal Republican who represented part of Manhattan from 1978 to 1993. Oct. 14.
Richard Helms, 89. Headed the CIA for six years before President Nixon fired him for refusing to block an FBI probe into the Watergate scandal. Oct. 22.
Harry Hay, 90. Early activist in the gay rights movement, founder in 1950 of the Mattachine Society. Oct. 24.
Sen. Paul Wellstone, 58. The two-term Minnesota Democrat was one of the last unapologetic liberals left in Congress. Oct. 25. Plane crash.
Laurence Foley, 60. An administrator at the U.S. Agency for International Development. Oct. 28. Shot to death in Jordan.
Chang Lin-Tien, 67. In 1990 he became the first Asian-American to head a major U.S. university when he was named chancellor at the University of California, Berkeley. Oct. 29.
Irv Rubin, 57. Jewish Defense League leader who prosecutors said plotted to bomb a Southern California mosque. Nov. 13. Injuries from suicide attempt in jail.
Myra Hindley, 60. One of Britain's most hated women for her involvement in a string of child killings in the 1960s dubbed the "Moors Murders." Nov. 15.
Abba Eban, 87. Famously eloquent statesman who helped persuade the world to approve creation of the Jewish state and dominated Israeli diplomacy for decades. Nov. 17.
John Rawls, 81. A leading figure in 20th century political philosophy and legal theory, known for his 1971 book "A Theory of Justice," stressing individual rights. Nov. 24.
Eugene V. Rostow, 89. He ardently defended the nation's role in Vietnam as a State Department official. Nov. 26.
George Christian, 75. A former press secretary to President Johnson. Nov. 27.
Edwin L. Mechem, 90. New Mexico's only four-term governor, a former U.S. senator and a federal judge. Nov. 27.
Eugene T. "Bob" Gregorie, 94. The first design chief of the Ford Motor Co., creator of Lincoln Continental. Dec. 1.
Theresa Miller, 44. Teacher who was a heroine during the 1999 Columbine High School massacre. Dec. 2. Cancer.
Ivan Illich, 76. Renowned sociologist, author of the influential 1971 book "De-Schooling Society." Dec. 2.
Henry Chauncey, 97. He founded the Educational Testing Service, whose SAT is used by thousands of colleges and universities. Dec. 3.
Gen. Ne Win, 91. Former dictator of Myanmar, the country's undisputed, brutal master for 26 years. Dec. 5.
Philip Berrigan, 79. Former priest whose fight against the Vietnam War and nuclear weapons helped ignite a generation of anti-war dissent. Dec. 6.
Theodore Shackley, 75. He ran the CIA's Miami operation during the height of U.S. tensions with Cuba in the 1960s. Dec. 9.
Paul Vathis, 77. An Associated Press photographer, he won a Pulitzer for his 1961 picture of President Kennedy and former President Eisenhower walking together at Camp David. Dec. 10.
Wayne Owens, 65. The former Utah congressman was a longtime advocate for Middle East peace. Dec. 18.
Grote Reber, 90. Astronomer whose pioneering study of radio signals from space gave astronomy a whole new view of the universe. Dec. 20.
Edward J. Kulik, 76. Executive who directed the restoration of NYC's landmark Chrysler Building in the 1970s. Dec. 26.