Large majorities of Americans strongly support the actions being taken by the military, and continue to give high approval ratings to the country's leaders according to the latest FOX News/Opinion Dynamics poll.

The job approval ratings for President Bush, New York City Mayor Giuliani, and Secretary of State Powell are all above 80 percent, with Giuliani receiving a 91 percent approval rating for the job he's done in responding to the terrorist attacks. Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld, a lesser-known administration official, receives a 75 percent job approval rating (18 percent have no opinion).

By more than three-to-one Americans pick George W. Bush as the better wartime leader over former President Bill Clinton. Republicans overwhelmingly prefer Bush, 88 percent to 6 percent, and Independents choose Bush by a 62 percent to 15 percent margin. Democrats split with 39 percent choosing Bush and 35 percent Clinton.

Fully 89 percent of Americans support the U.S. military action in Afghanistan and 75 percent support the use of ground troops, which have now been deployed according to information learned by FOX News on Friday.

Many Americans are prepared to suffer thousands of casualties in order to win this war. In fact, 44 percent think the U.S. should be prepared to lose as many soldiers as it takes to stop terrorism. "The bipartisan consensus on these issues is remarkable," according to Lawrence Shiman, a director at Opinion Dynamics Corporation. "The public has given President Bush tremendous flexibility to carry out the war as he sees fit."

There is strong support for the way the United States has conducted the war. A majority (56 percent) believes the U.S. military has used the right amount of aggression and 30 percent say the action has not been aggressive enough. Only eight percent think the military action has been too aggressive. Similarly, nearly two-thirds (65 percent) say we are achieving the right balance between humanitarian and military efforts. One area of skepticism involves the U.S. food and medical aid drops - only 25 percent think the aid is reaching the refugees.

Many Americans are expecting it will take years to achieve our objectives. About one-third think Usama bin Laden will be captured or killed in less than a year, 19 percent say it will take one to two years, 12 percent two years or more, and 15 percent think bin Laden will never be captured or killed. At this point, 47 percent think the U.S. is winning the war against terrorism, 32 percent say losing, and 21 percent are unsure.

Fully 71 percent of Americans say they would be willing to pay more in taxes to increase government spending on national defense and intelligence gathering, including 69 percent of Democrats, 76 percent of Republicans, and 73 percent of Independents. Today about half believe the federal government is doing enough to prevent terrorism, up from 41 percent in May 2001.

Concern about future attacks has increased slightly in the last month with 43 percent now saying (up from 35 percent) that they are "very worried" (12 percent) or "somewhat worried" (31 percent) attacks might take place near them. Currently less than half of Americans report making lifestyle changes in response to terrorism (9 percent "major" changes, 36 percent "minor" changes). A sizeable majority (71 percent) reports being willing to give up some personal freedom in the fight against terrorism.

Fully 78 percent think the recent attacks using anthrax are a "very serious" or "somewhat serious" threat to the country, although less than half report being worried that someone they know will be exposed. Americans are uncertain who is responsible for the anthrax scares with 42 percent blaming bin Laden and 31 percent blaming others (14 percent think it could be both).

Polling was conducted by telephone October 17-18, 2001 in the evenings. The sample is 900 registered voters nationwide with a margin of error of ± 3 percentage points.

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the job George W. Bush is doing as president?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
19 Oct 01 84% 10 6
5 Oct 01 80% 10 10
21 Sept 01 81% 12 7
24 Aug 01 55% 32 13
27 July 01 59% 25 16

2. And, do you approve or disapprove of the job Bush has done in responding to the terrorist attacks on September 11?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
19 Oct 01 89% 7 4
5 Oct 01 86% 7 7
21 Sept 01 88% 8 4

3. Who do you think would be the better wartime leader: George W. Bush, or Bill Clinton?

Bush 63%
Clinton 19
(Same/Neither) 5
(Not sure) 13

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Donald Rumsfeld is doing as secretary of defense?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
19 Oct 01 75% 7 18

5. Do you approve or disapprove of the job Colin Powell is doing as secretary of state?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
19 Oct 01 87% 5 8

6. And, do you approve or disapprove of the job New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani has done in responding to the terrorist attacks on September 11?

  Approve Disapprove (DK)
19 Oct 01 91% 4 5
5 Oct 01 92% 1 7

 

7. Do you support* or oppose the U.S. military action being taken in response to the terrorist attacks?

17-18 Oct 01

  Support Oppose Not Sure
All 89% 6 5
Democrat 88% 7 5
GOP 93% 3 4
Independent 86% 9 5

3-4 Oct 01

Support Oppose Not Sure
All 82% 8 10
Democrat 78% 11 11
GOP 89% 5 6
Independent 82% 8 10

19-20 Sept 01

Support Oppose Not Sure
All 89% 6 5
Democrat 87% 8 5
GOP 93% 5 2
Independent 87% 7 6

8. Do you support or oppose using U.S. ground troops in Afghanistan?

1. Support 75%
2. Oppose 15
3. (Not sure) 10

9. Do you think the U.S.-led military action has been too aggressive, about right, or not aggressive enough?

1. Too aggressive 8%
2. About right 56
3. Not aggressive enough 30
4. (Not sure) 6

10. (If 7: support or not sure) Would you support* or oppose the military action even if it means thousands of American soldiers' lives would be lost?

  Support Oppose (Not sure)
17-18 Oct 01 68% 17 15
19-20 Sept 01 75% 14 11

11. (If 7: support or not sure) Would you support* or oppose the military action even if it cost the lives of thousands of civilians in the countries we attack?

  Support Oppose (Not sure)
17-18 Oct 01 66% 21 13
19-20 Sept 01 63% 26 11

*asked previously as "would you Favor/Oppose"

12. (If 7: support or not sure) Would you support* or oppose the military action even if it means a war lasting up to five years?

  Support Oppose (Not sure)
17-18 Oct 01 77% 16 7
19-20 Sept 01 72% 18 10

*asked previously as "would you Favor/Oppose"

13. How many soldiers do you think the U.S. military should be prepared to lose in Afghanistan before stopping military involvement?

1. Under 100 12%
2. Between 100 and 1000 10
3. Several thousand 7
4. Or as many as it takes to stop terrorism 44
5. (Not sure) 27

*asked previously as "would you Favor/Oppose"

14. As of right now, do you think the U.S. and its allies are winning the war against terrorism?

1. Yes 47%
2. No 32
3. (Not sure) 21

15. President Bush has said America is at war with terrorists, not the people of Afghanistan. As of right now, do you think the United States has put:

1. Too much into the humanitarian effort, and not enough into the military, 15%
2. Too much into the military, and not enough into the humanitarian efforts, 11
3. Or are we achieving the right balance between humanitarian and military efforts? 65
4. (Not sure) 9

16. Do you approve or disapprove of President Bush's request for every American child to give one dollar to a fund to help children in Afghanistan?

1. Approve 69%
2. Disapprove 24
3. (Not sure) 7

17. The United States has dropped thousands of cartons of food and medicine to help Afghani refugees. Do you think the majority of food and medicine is reaching the refugees, or not?

1. Yes 25%
2. No 48
3. (Not sure) 27

18. Would you support or oppose the United States taking military action against terrorists in other countries, even if they are not directly connected to the attacks on September 11?

1. Support 72%
2. Oppose 20
3. (Not sure) 8

19. Would you support or oppose the United States taking military action against any nation found to be aiding or hiding terrorists?

  Support Oppose Not sure)
17-18 Oct 01 84% 11 5
19-20 Sep 01* 83% 11 6

* " . . . aiding or hiding the September 11 terrorists"

20. Would you be willing to pay more in taxes to increase government spending on national defense and intelligence gathering?

1. Yes 71%
2. No 22
3. (Not sure) 7

21. - 23. Do you agree or disagree with the following statements?

"September 11 has changed the world forever."

    Agree Disagree (DK)
17-18 Oct 01 Americans 88% 10 2
9 Oct 01 Britons* 77% 19 3

"September 11 has changed the United States forever."

Agree Disagree (DK)
89% 9 2

"September 11 has changed my life forever."

17-18 Oct 01 Americans 64% 30 6
9 Oct 01 Britons* 29% 66 5

* MORI interview of 607 British adults 9 Oct 01

24. Do you think the increased level of patriotism in the country since the September 11 attacks is here to stay, or do you think patriotic feelings will fade over time?

1. Patriotism will remain strong 41%
2. Patriotism will fade away 52
3. (Not sure) 7

25. Would you describe yourself as more or less patriotic than the average American? (Is that a lot or a little?)

SCALE:
1. A lot more patriotic
2. A little more patriotic
3. A little less patriotic
4. A lot less patriotic
5. (Same)
6. (Not sure)

  Lot more Little more Little less Lot less (Same) (Not sure)
19 Oct 01 31% 28 8 1 30 2
25 June 99 27% 33 9 2 26 3
5 June 98 27% 33 9 2 25 4

26. Do you think the Americans who are protesting against the war are acting unpatriotic during a time of national crisis, or acting appropriately by expressing their opinions?

1. Protestors are acting unpatriotic 33%
2. Protestors are expressing their opinions 59
3. (Not sure) 8

27. Would you be willing to give up some of your personal freedom in order to reduce the threat of terrorism?

  Yes No (Not sure)
19 Oct 01 71% 20 9
11 May 01 33% 40 27
9 Aug 96 60% 30 10

28. Do you think the federal government is doing enough to prevent terrorist activity in the U.S.?

  Yes No (Not sure)
19 Oct 01 51% 38 11
11 May 01 41% 37 22

29. How long do you think it will it take to capture or kill Osama bin Laden?

1. A few months 14%
2. Less than a year 16
3. One to two years 19
4. More than two years 12
5. Never 15
6. (Not sure) 24

30. How worried are you that terrorist attacks might take place where you live or work?

SCALE:1. Very worried, 2. Somewhat worried, 3. Not very worried, 4. Not worried at all, 5. (vol. already has happened), 6. (Not sure)

  Very worried Some what worried Not very worried Not worried at all Already happened Not sure
19 Oct 01 12% 31 28 28 - 1
21 Sept 01 11% 24 31 33 - 1

31. Which terrorist activity do you think is the biggest threat right now?

1. Chemical or biological weapons 62%
2. Truck or car bombs 14
3. Planes being hijacked and crashed 5
4. Tactical nuclear weapons 9
5. (Not sure) 10

32. Which of the following best describes changes you have made in response to terrorist activity in the U.S.?

1. I have made major changes in my day-to-day lifestyle 9%
2. I have made some minor changes in my lifestyle 36
3. I haven't made any changes at all 54
4. (Not sure) 1

(For reference) In the next five years, do you think you will actually have to make any changes in your day-to-day lifestyle in response to terrorist activity in the U.S.?

  Yes No Not sure
11 May 01 30% 59 11
9 Aug 96 42% 53 5

33. Do you think the anthrax scares across the country are more likely to be related to the September 11 terrorist attacks and Osama bin Laden, or is it more likely these anthrax scares are the work of disgruntled people unrelated to bin Laden?

1. More likely Osama bin Laden is responsible for anthrax scares 42%
2. More likely others are responsible for anthrax scares 31
3. (Could be both) 14
4. (Not sure) 13

34. Overall, how serious of a threat to the country are the recent attacks using anthrax?

1. Very serious 43%
2. Somewhat serious 35
3. Not very serious 16
4. Not at all serious 3
5. (Not sure) 3

35. How worried are you that you personally or a family member or friend will be exposed to bio-terrorism, such as anthrax?

1. Very worried 16%
2. Somewhat worried 30
3. Not very worried 30
4. Not worried at all 22
5. (vol. already has happened) -
6. (Not sure) 2

36. Do you think the news media coverage of the recent anthrax cases has been responsible or over-hyped?

1. Responsible 35%
2. Over-hyped 56
3. (Not sure) 9

37. How safe do you believe air travel is in the United States today?

1. Very safe 35%
2. Somewhat safe 43
3. Not very safe 12
4. Not safe at all 7
5. (Not sure) 3

38. Are you less likely to travel in the near future because of concerns about the economy, because of safety concerns, or are you willing to travel as much today as in the past?

1. Traveling less due to economic concerns 9%
2. Traveling less due to safety concerns 24
3. Traveling the same as before 59
4. (Both economic and safety) 3
5. (Not sure) 5

39. Do you think New York City is a safe place to live and visit, has it become unsafe since September 11, or has it always been unsafe?

1. Safe 50%
2. Unsafe since September 11 14
3. Always unsafe 28
4. (Not sure) 8

40. Are you more or less likely to travel to New York City than you were before September 11, or did the attacks have no affect on your travel to New York City?

1. More likely 10%
2. Less likely 25
3. (No difference) 65
4. (Live in NYC) 1
5. (Not sure) 3

41. How safe do you believe it is to visit national landmarks, such as the Empire State Building or the Sears Tower in Chicago?

1. Very safe 28%
2. Somewhat safe 41
3. Not very safe 16
4. Not safe at all 9
5. (Not sure) 6

42. In recent years, there have been many action movies involving terrorists. Do you think Hollywood should continue to make these movies because they entertain people and help them deal with the situation, or should Hollywood stop making these movies out of respect for the victims of terrorism?

1. Keep making these movies 30%
2. Stop making these movies 60
3. (Not sure) 10