Southern California and San Jose State shared the lead at 4-under 284 after the first round of the NCAA Women's Golf Championships on Tuesday.
USC, which won titles in 2003 and '08 and was runner-up to Alabama last year, came in as the top-ranked team in the country, while San Jose State — seeking its first team title in 21 years — was 48th.
Duke, which won back-to-back-to-back titles from 2005-2007, was in third after a 2-under 286 on the University of Georgia Golf Course, two strokes ahead of the Crimson Tide.
Spartans freshman Regan De Guzman leads the field at 5-under 67, with the Blue Devils' Celine Boutier and Alabama's Stephanie Meadow two shots back. Mississippi State's Allie McDonald and Southern Cal's Annie Park were tied for fourth at 2-under, with 14 players tied for sixth place another shot behind.