Spain's bid to become the first team to win three successive major international titles began in unconvincing fashion after Italy repelled Iberian flair with Latin artistry to earn a 1-1 draw at Euro 2012 on Sunday.
With both sides probably happy to emerge with a point apiece from their Group C opener, Croatia then boosted their hopes of challenging for a quarter-final place by beating Ireland 3-1 in the Polish city of Poznan.
Spain, the clear tournament favorites after mesmerizing opponents to become European champions in 2008 and then world champions two years ago, saw their run of 14 straight wins in competitive matches end in their heavyweight clash in Gdansk.
Midfielder Cesc Fabregas soon quietened Italian celebrations after substitute Antonio Di Natale's goal on the hour, hammering in a 64th minute equalizer, but it failed to spark Spain into life.
They struggled to get into gear as a vibrant and well-organized Italy, showing they can never be discounted when major tournaments come around after successive defeats in three warm-up friendlies, mixed resolute defense with moments of flair.
Despite dominating possession and having almost double the number of goal attempts, Spain lacked a knockout punch.
Vicente del Bosque faced questions as to why he started without a striker and left Fernando Torres kicking his heels on the bench for three quarters of the game, but the coach took umbrage with the pitch, rather than his team.
"A pitch that is so dry does not do football or the spectators many favors," he told a news conference.
"If the pitch had been a bit quicker it would have been better for both teams and a better match."
Del Bosque will hardly panic at failing to make a winning start. Spain were stunned 1-0 by Switzerland in their 2010 World Cup opener before going on to win the trophy for the first time.
Italy, fielding a three-man defense well marshaled by Daniele De Rossi, who was switched from his usual midfield role, were good value for their opening point.
It comes as a huge boost to coach Cesare Prandelli who will take satisfaction from what proved to be an astute substitution, Di Natale finishing clinically from Andrea Pirlo's pass just minutes after replacing the ineffective Mario Balotelli.
Croatia made a flying start to their campaign after an off-balance Mario Mandzukic headed Slaven Bilic's side ahead after three minutes.
Sean St. Ledger headed Ireland level in the 19th but Croatia regained the lead three minutes before the break when Nikica Jelavic prodded past goalkeeper Shay Given.
Ireland were rocked again at the start of the second half when Mandzukic's header hit the post and ricocheted against the hapless Given's head and into the net.
Croatia could be in trouble after their fans celebrated their second goal by letting off firecrackers and flares.
Earlier, Croatian fans threw chairs, bottles and flares at Polish riot police before the game with three people arrested after the incident in Poznan's old town square.
Fourteen fans were also detained in the western Polish city on Saturday night after police broke up a fight.
There was also minor trouble in Wroclaw with two Russia fans issued with a ban on taking part in mass events after they were detained before Russia's match with the Czech Republic on Friday.
Russia's football federation urged their fans in Poland to behave after some threw fireworks and displayed illicit banners during the Group A game.
UEFA opened disciplinary proceedings on Sunday against the German (DFB) and Portuguese (FPF) Football Associations following the Group B match a day earlier in Lviv which Germany won 1-0.
The European governing body charged the DFB after German fans threw what appeared to be rolled up pieces of paper at Portuguese players on several occasions in the first half.
UEFA said Portugal faced proceedings for a "delayed kick-off to the second-half".
(Editing by Ken Ferris)