A grand jury on Monday indicted the 42-year-old Mayfield in connection with the theft of trailers and furniture.
Mayfield was indicted in Catawba County on three counts of possessing property stolen from businesses, and a fourth charge of obtaining property by false pretense.
It's the latest in a series of troubles for Mayfield. He was suspended from NASCAR after failing a random drug test at Richmond in May 2009. He was in the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond last month to argue his lawsuit seeking reinstatement as a NASCAR driver should be heard by the courts.