Monday's indictment comes about a week after Mayfield was arrested following a raid at his rural mansion that turned up 69 guns and what authorities allege were $100,000 in stolen goods from at least two businesses.
During the search, deputies also said they found goods stolen from at least two businesses and about 1.5 grams of meth.
Mayfield was later released on a $30,000 bond. The troubled driver was booted from NASCAR in 2009 after failing a drug test.
An attorney for Mayfield said last week that his client denies all the charges, and the search was executed based on baseless allegations from an unreliable source.