Ronaldinho and Robinho have been left off Brazil's 24-man roster for a March 27 exhibition against Scotland in London.
Defender Lucio, right back Maicon and midfielder Elano were selected Thursday for the first time since the World Cup, and forward Neymar was picked after missing last month's game at France. Midfielder Lucas was chosen after starring along with Neymar at the South American under-20 championship.
Ronaldinho was not picked despite good performances with Flamengo after transferring from AC Milan.
"Ronaldinho has been making progress with Flamengo and if he continues doing that he will naturally be a part of the national team again," coach Mano Menezes said.
The coach also said Robinho likely will be back in coming matches.
"He has been playing a lot recently, but if everything goes well I will be able to count on him for the Copa America," Menezes said.
Newcomers included Sao Paulo's Lucas, Cruzeiro midfielder Henrique and Valencia forward Jonas.
Lucio, Maicon and Elano had not been summoned since Brazil was eliminated by the Netherlands in the World Cup quarterfinals in South Africa.
Brazil will host the Netherlands on June 4 in preparation for defending its Copa America title, then will play Romania on June 7 in Sao Paulo in a farewell match for recently retired forward Ronaldo.
Goalkeepers: Jefferson (Botafogo), Julio Cesar (Inter Milan, Italy), Vitor (Gremio)
Defenders: Andre Santos (Fenerbahce, Turkey), Daniel Alves (Barcelona, Spain), David Luiz (Chelsea, England), Luisao (Benfica, Portugal), Lucio (Inter Milan, Italy), Maicon (Inter Milan, Italy), Marcelo (Real Madrid, Spain), Thiago Silva (AC Milan, Italy)
Midfielders: Elano (Santos), Elias (Atletico Madrid, Spain), Henrique (Cruzeiro), Jadson (Shakhtar Donetsk, Ukraine), Lucas (Sao Paulo), Lucas Leiva (Liverpool, England), Ramires (Chelsea, England), Renato Augusto (Bayern Leverkusen, Germany), Sandro (Tottenham, England)
Forwards: Alexandre Pato (AC Milan, Italy), Jonas (Valencia, Spain), Neymar (Santos), Nilmar (Villarreal, Spain)