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EyePoppers: The Best Science Pictures of the Year

From a 3D B-movie horror style illustration of a virus aggressively attacking a bacterium -- with alien spindly legs and a sucker-shaped mouth to fungi to trash and beyond, the winners of the 2010 Science and Engineering Visual Challenge prove eye popping indeed. 

HIV Virus

Illustrations - First Place
Human Immunodeficiency Virus 3D

This model of HIV is the most detailed 3D-model of the virus ever made. It summarizes the results from scientific publications in the fields of virology, X-ray analysis and spectroscopy. 

Ivan Konstantinov, Yury Stefanov, Aleksander Kovalevsky, Yegor Voronin – Visual Science Company

AraNet: A Genome-wide Gene Function Association Network for Arabidopsis thaliana

Illustrations – Honorable Mention (3-way tie)
AraNet: A Genome-wide Gene Function Association Network for Arabidopsis thaliana

The image shows a portion of AraNet, a gene association network of the plant called Arabidopsis. AraNet was built from over 50 million experimental observations from Arabidopsis and other model organisms. Each line represents a functional link between two genes and the color indicates the strength of the link using a red-blue heat map scheme.

Insuk Lee, Michael Ahn, Edward Marcotte, Seung Yon Rhee – Carnegie Institution for Science

enterobacteria

Illustrations – Honorable Mention (3-way tie)
Enterobacteria Phage T4

A 3D illustration of an enterobacteria phage T4 virus aggressively attacking a bacterium. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria such as E. coli and hijack their normal biological functions to use them as replication factories, leading to bacterial death, lysis and release of the viruses. They do this in B-movie horror style, with alien spindly legs and sucker-shaped mouths to relentlessly pursue their prey.

Jonathan Heras – Equinox Graphics, Ltd.

Yeast Mitotic Spindle

Illustrations – Honorable Mention (3-way tie)
Proposed Structure of Yeast Mitotic Spindle

A computer-generated 3D image of a proposed structure for the yeast mitotic spindle during metaphase developed over a two-year period of intense collaboration between cell biologists, computer scientists, physicists, and artists at www.cismm.org. Green microtubules pull on yellow DNA held by red cohesion and purple condensing proteins.

The Mitotic Spindle Group – University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Intro to Fungi

Informational Graphics – First Place
Introduction to Fungi

Fungi provide our favorite foods and beverages, attack animal and plant species with devastating toxins, and create the soils and nutrients for the film of life on Earth. This splash of fungi illustrates their variety and briefly notes their impact on our lives and our world.

Kandis Elliot, Mo Fayyaz – University of Wisconsin, Madison

Everyone Ever in the World

Informational Graphics – Honorable Mention
Everyone Ever in the World

Everyone Ever in the World is a visual representation of the number of people to have lived versus been killed in wars, massacres and genocide during the recorded history of humankind. The visualization uses existing paper area and paper loss to represent the concepts of life and death.

Peter Crnokrak – The Luxury of Protest

nanoscale landscape

Photography – First Place
Rough Waters

This blue nanoscale landscape is created by two types of molecules on a gold surface that form a self-assembled layer, thereby enabling control of the surface characteristics -- opening up possibilities in self-cleaning materials and beyond.

Seth B. Darling – Argonne National Laboratory; Steven J. Sibener – University of Chicago

Hairs on a tomato

Photography – Honorable Mention (tie)
Trichomes (Hairs) on the Seed of the Common Tomato

The hairs on the surface of the seed of the common tomato secrete a mucinous film best appreciated as a clear membrane at the edge of the seed. The film contains insecticide chemicals and helps prevent desiccation as well as anchoring the seed to the soil.

Robert Rock Belliveau

Centipede milirobot

Photography – Honorable Mention (tie)
Centipede Millirobot

Centipede-inspired robots may offer performance benefits over more common rigid body types. The design and modeling of a multi-segment millirobot gives insight into how biological critters walk, including how to use body undulations to enhance locomotion and if there is an optimal number of legs for efficiency and stability.

Katie L. Hoffman, Robert J. Wood – Harvard University

where does garbage go

Noninteractive Media – First Place
TrashTrack

Imagine if we could use smart tags to follow where our garbage goes ... we could reveal the final destinations of our everyday objects and increase awareness of sustainable practices. The Sensible City Lab invited 500 people in Seattle to tag their trash and followed a total of 3,000 garbage items. Here's a still from the video they made.

SENSEable City Lab – Massachusetts Institute of Technology

GPS and relativity

Noninteractive Media – Honorable Mention (4-way tie)
GPS and Relativity 

The Global Positioning System is a navigational tool used by millions of people everyday. Surprisingly, it relies on Einstein's theory of relativity to achieve its phenomenal accuracy.

Damian Pope, Greg Dick, Sean Bradley, Steve Kelley – Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

glyphsea

Noninteractive Media – Honorable Mention (4-way tie)
GlyphSea

A novel method to visualize vector data, where the magnitude is shown by color and size of the glyph (ellipsoid) and the direction is indicated by the dipole dots (the white and black spots on the poles of ellipsoids represent the head and tail of the vector respectively).

Amit Chourasia, Emmett Mcquinn, Bernard Minster, Jurgen Schulze – San Diego Supercomputer Center, UCSD

binary quasar

Noninteractive Media – Honorable Mention (4-way tie)
Computer Simulation of a Binary Quasar

Scientists are still trying to figure out what turns on quasars, rapidly accreting black holes housed at the center of all galaxies. This video tells the story of one particular scenario, an observed binary quasar, and a computer model of the galaxy merger that likely triggered such a dramatic event.

Thomas J. Cox – Carnegie Institution for Science

whole brain catalog

Noninteractive Media – Honorable Mention (4-way tie)
Visualization of the Whole Brain Catalog 

A visualization of what it will be like to explore the Whole Brain Catalog, an open source, open-access database of mouse brain imagery, being developed by Mark Ellisman and his team at UCSD.

Drew Berry, Mark Ellisman, François Tétaz – The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research

EyePoppers: The Best Science Pictures of the Year

From a 3D B-movie horror style illustration of a virus aggressively attacking a bacterium -- with alien spindly legs and a sucker-shaped mouth to fungi to trash and beyond, the winners of the 2010 Science and Engineering Visual Challenge prove eye popping indeed. 

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