ARCHAEOLOGY

Digging History: The Latest Archaeology News

3,000-year-old artifacts, the world's oldest disposable knife, a really, really old bakery, a Mayan tomb and more. The latest discoveries from the ancient world.

Ancient Figurines

Sept. 1: Jordanian antiquities chief Ziad al-Saad announced the discovery of a 3,000-year-old Iron Age temple during a press conference in Amman, Jordan. Al-Saad said that the sanctuary, discovered at Khirbat 'Ataroz near the town of Mabada, some 20 miles southwest of the capital Amman, shows the advanced worship practices in Jordan's ancient Moabite kingdom, which was mentioned in the Bible. Archaeologists also unearthed some 300 pots, figurines of deities and sacred vessels used for worship at the site, shown here.

AP Photo/Nader Daoud

A 3,000-Year-Old Find

Sept. 1: Antiquities chief Ziad al-Saad announces the discovery of a 3,000-year-old Iron Age temple during a press conference in Amman, Jordan. Al-Saad said that the sanctuary discovered at Khirbat 'Ataroz southwest of the capital Amman, shows the advanced worship practices in Jordan's ancient Moabite kingdom, which was mentioned in the Bible.

AP Photo/Nader Daoud

World's Oldest Disposable Knife

Aug. 30: Israeli archaeology Prof. Ran Barkai holds a magnifying glass over a stone believed by researchers to be one of the world's oldest known disposable knives, at the Tel Aviv University, Israel. Israeli archaeologists discovered the disposable knives in a cave near Tel Aviv. Dating to the Stone Age, the sharp pieces of flint are believed to be at least 200,000 years old.

AP Photo/Ariel Schalit

A New Discovery

Aug. 25: Egypt has announced the discovery of an ancient trading settlement in one of its desert oases dating back more than 3,500 years. The centerpiece of the find? An ancient bakery, located on what was once a bustling trade route known as Darb el-Arbain between the ancient Egyptian civilization in the Nile valley and the rest of Africa.

AP

Kharga Oasis

Aug. 25: Archaeologists work on the excavation of a bakery complex in the Khargo Oasis.

AP

Israel Finds Ancient Coin

Aug. 11: Archaeologists have excavated the heaviest and most valuable gold coin to date in Israel. The 2,200-year-old coin -- weighing almost one ounce and seen here at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem -- was found at the Tel Kedesh site near the border with Lebanon on June 22, 2010.

AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill

Star Carr Excavation

Over 10,000 years ago, British builders put up a hut. And it may be the most important building in the country. Archaeologists from the University of York date the newly discovered building, found near Scarborough in North Yorkshire, to at least 8,500 BC -- more than 6,000 years before Stonehenge was erected. Read more

University of York

Ancient Phillipines Bone

Aug. 3: Archeologist Dr. Armand Salvador Mijares displays a 60.99-millimeter human metatarsal bone in his office at the University of the Philippines. According to a Journal of Human Evolution article, the ancient foot bone, known as MT3 and found by Mijares' team in 2007 at Callao Cave in northern Philippines, is 67,000 years old -- according to a dating process known as uranium series analysis carried out by Australian National University in Canberra, Australia.

AP Photo/Bullit Marquez

Possible Tomb

Aug. 3: A long-sealed tunnel has been found under the ruins of Teotihuacan in Mexico -- and chambers that seem to branch off it may hold the tombs of some of the ancient city's early rulers. This artifact was found in the mysterious tunnel system; if a tomb is indeed discovered under the ancient ruins, it could finally give insight into the Teotihuacan culture, which blossomed starting around 100 B.C.

AP

Pyramid of the Sun

Aug. 3: The Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico, is the location of the mysterious 100-yard tunnel. No depiction of a ruler, or the tomb of a monarch, has ever been found at Teotihuacan, setting the metropolis apart from other pre-Hispanic cultures that deified their rulers.

AP

Hidden Tunnel

Aug. 3: This entrance, marked off by an archaeologist's ropes, leads to the mysterious 100-yard tunnel thought to be intentionally closed around 200 A.D.

AP

Ancient Artifacts

Aug. 3: Ancient artifacts found during the excavations. It's believed the tunnels may well hold chambers with tombs of rulers of the city, which was founded 2,500 years ago.

A Sacred Place

Aug. 3: Photo journalists take pictures of objects found during the excavations.

AP

Mayan Head

A well-preserved tomb believed to be the final resting place of an ancient Mayan king has been discovered in Guatemala, scientists announced last week. This artifact, among many others, was found in the tomb.  Read more

Arturo Godoy

Inside a Mayan Tomb

July 19: The ancient Mayan tomb was packed with carvings, ceramics, textiles and other artifacts. The Guatemalan tomb is believed to be the final resting place of an ancient Mayan king. 

Arturo Godoy

Oldest Writing in Jerusalem

July 12: Archaeologists in Jerusalem have uncovered an ancient clay fragment dating back some 3,400 years, the oldest-ever sample of writing found in the Holy City. The clay chip is a key find which indicates the importance of the city in the Bronze Age.

Read more

AFP

4,300-Year-Old Tombs

July 8: Egyptian Antiquities chief Zahi Hawass shows to the media the false door of the unearthed 4,300 year old tomb that belongs to Khonsu the son of Shendwas, both served as heads of the royal scribes during the Old Kingdom, in Saqqara near Cairo, Egypt. Egyptian archaeologists have unveiled their latest discovery, two 4,300-year-old tombs carved out of stone and unearthed in the ancient necropolis of Saqqara near Cairo.

AP

Spotlight on John

June 22: A spotlight illuminates the icon of the Apostle John discovered with other paintings in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. Restorers said Tuesday they had unearthed the 4th-century images using a new laser technique that allowed them to burn off centuries of white calcium deposits without damaging the dark colors of the original paintings underneath.  Read more

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Early Apostles

June 22: Catacomb archeological superintendent Fabrizio Bisconti points out a painting discovered with the earliest known icons of the Apostles Peter and Paul in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. The paintings adorn what is believed to be the tomb of a Roman noblewoman and represent some of the earliest evidence of devotion to the apostles in early Christianity.

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Earliest Icons of Apostles

June 22: A cameraman films a painting discovered with the earliest known icons of the Apostles Peter and Paul in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. Restorers said Tuesday they had unearthed the 4th-century images using a new laser technique that allowed them to burn off centuries of white calcium deposits without damaging the dark colors of the original paintings underneath.

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Icons Found in Catacombs

June 22: A close up image of the newly found fresco, the earliest known icon of one of the Apostles in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. 

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Oldest Icon of Apostle Peter

June 22: A cameraman films the icon of the Apostle Peter discovered with other paintings in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. The paintings adorn what is believed to be the tomb of a Roman noblewoman and represent some of the earliest evidence of devotion to the apostles in early Christianity.

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Early Frescoes

June 22: Catacomb archeological superintendent Fabrizio Bisconti points to frescoes discovered with the earliest known icons of the Apostles Peter and Paul in a catacomb located under a modern office building in a residential neighborhood of Rome. 

AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito

Aztec Tomb

June 16: A detail of a massive stone sculpture of the Aztec goddess Tlaltecuhtli is displayed for the first time prior to the opening of the exposition "Moctezuma II, Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at Mexico City's Templo Mayor museum. The largest Aztec stone sculpture ever found with its original coloring, the deity sat atop a Mexico City site where archaeologists believe the ashes of Aztec rulers were buried. 

AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo

Sculpture of Tlatecuhtli

June 16: A massive stone sculpture of the Aztec goddess Tlaltecuhtli is displayed for the first time prior to the opening of the exposition "Moctezuma II, Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at Mexico City's Templo Mayor museum. Although no burial site has been found, offerings have been found nearby since 2007 -- and now archaeologists plan to dig a lateral tunnel in hopes of finding the tombs they still believe are nearby.

AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo

Ancient Wolf Skeleton

June 16: A display showing an offering consisting of a wolf's skeleton is shown prior to the opening of the exposition "Moctezuma II, Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at Mexico City's Templo Mayor museum. Dozens of offerings have been unearthed in excavations since 2007 when the largest Aztec stone sculpture ever was found.

AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo

Ancient Offerings

June 16: A display showing offerings consisting of sea shells and coral is shown prior to the opening of the exposition "Moctezuma II, Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at Mexico City's Templo Mayor museum. Dozens of offerings have been unearthed in excavations since 2007 when the largest Aztec stone sculpture ever was found with its original coloring at a Mexico City site.

AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo

Stone Sculpture of Aztec Goddess

June 16: A massive stone sculpture of the Aztec goddess Tlaltecuhtli is displayed for the first time prior to the opening of the exposition "Moctezuma II, Times and Destiny of a Ruler" at Mexico City's Templo Mayor museum. The largest Aztec stone sculpture ever found with its original coloring, the deity sat atop a Mexico City site where archaeologists believe the ashes of Aztec rulers were buried. 

AP Photo/Eduardo Verdugo

World's Oldest Leather Shoe

June 9: A perfectly preserved shoe, 1,000 years older than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt and 400 years older than Stonehenge in the UK, has been found in a cave in Armenia. Read more

PLoS ONE / Ron Pinhasi, Boris Gasparian, et al

World's Oldest Leather Shoe

June 9: A perfectly preserved shoe, 1,000 years older than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt and 400 years older than Stonehenge in the UK, has been found in a cave in Armenia.

PLoS ONE / Ron Pinhasi, Boris Gasparian, et al

Gladiators in England

June 7: Archaeological researchers in York, England, have identified what may be the world’s only well-preserved Roman gladiator cemetery. The discovery -- made during an on-going archaeological and forensic investigation -- is of international importance and promises to shed totally new light on life in Roman Britain.  Read more

York Archaeological Trust

Gladiators in England

Archaeological researchers in York, England, have identified what may be the world’s only well-preserved Roman gladiator cemetery. “At present our lead theory is that many of these skeletons are those of Roman gladiators. So far there are a number of pieces of evidence which point towards that interpretation or are consistent with it. But the research is continuing and we must therefore keep an open mind,” says the archaeologist leading the York investigation, Kurt Hunter-Mann of York Archaeological Trust.

York Archaeological Trust

Gladiators in England

Archaeological researchers in York, England, have identified what may be the world’s only well-preserved Roman gladiator cemetery. One of the most significant items of evidence is a large carnivore bite mark -- probably inflicted by a lion, tiger or bear. “Other important pieces of evidence include a high incidence of substantial arm asymmetry -- a feature mentioned in ancient Roman literature in connection with a gladiator; some healed and unhealed weapon injuries; and possible hammer blows to the head (a feature attested as a probable gladiatorial coup de grâce).

York Archaeological Trust

Sculpted Face

An Israel Antiquities Authority conservator holds an ancient sculpted face that was used in cultic religious ceremonies, displayed in Jerusalem, Monday, June 7, 2010. Over a hundred ancient cultic vessels dated to the Late Bronze Period were discovered in recent weeks by the Israeli antiquities authority in a rock-hollow at the site of Tel-Qashsish in northern Israel. The 3,500-year-old vessels were found during excavations prior to installation of a gas pipeline.

AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner

Ancient Sculptures

An Israel Antiquities Authority conservator holds an ancient sculpted face that was used in cultic religious ceremonies, displayed in Jerusalem, Monday, June 7, 2010. Over a hundred ancient cultic vessels dated to the Late Bronze Period were discovered in recent weeks by the Israeli antiquities authority in a rock-hollow at the site of Tel-Qashsish in northern Israel. The 3,500-year-old vessels were found during excavations prior to installation of a gas pipeline.

AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner

Cult Vessels

Israel Antiquities Authority conservator Elisheva Kamaisky holds an ancient vessel in Jerusalem, Monday, June 7, 2010. Over a hundred ancient cultic vessels dated to the Late Bronze Period were discovered in recent weeks by the Israeli antiquities authority in a rock-hollow at the site of Tel-Qashsish in northern Israel. The 3,500-year-old vessels were found during excavations prior to installation of a gas pipeline.

AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner

Ancient Vessel

An Israel Antiquities Authority conservator Elisheva Kamaisky holds a piece of an ancient vessel, in Jerusalem, Monday, June 7, 2010. Over a hundred ancient cultic vessels dated to the Late Bronze Period were discovered in recent weeks by the Israeli antiquities authority in a rock-hollow at the site of Tel-Qashsish in northern Israel. The 3,500-year-old vessels were found during excavations prior to installation of a gas pipeline.
AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner

Mexico's Oldest Pyramid Tomb

A woman's skeleton that was found inside a pyramid begins to appear from the earth in the town of Chiapa de Corzo, southern Mexico. She was found inside the 2,700-year-old tomb of a dignitary that archeologists announced the discovery of on Monday May 17, 2010; it's the oldest documented burial of a dignitary inside a pyramid in Mesoamerica.

AP Photo/INAH-Bruce Bachand

Inside Mexico's Pyramid Tomb

Archaeologists work inside a pyramid in the town of Chiapa de Corzo in southern Mexico. They announced Monday May 17, 2010, the discovery of the 2,700-year-old tomb of a dignitary, the oldest documented burial of a dignitary inside a pyramid in Mesoamerica. The man, probably a high priest or ruler of Chiapa de Corzo, a prominent settlement at the time, was buried in a stone chamber.

AP Photo/INAH, Bruce Bachand

Ancient Israeli Aqueduct

Israeli archaeologist Yahiel Zelinger shows a section of the 14th-century aqueduct near Jerusalem's Old City, Tuesday May 11, 2010. Archeologists say the aqueduct supplied water to Jerusalem for almost 600 years. But unlike most such finds, this time experts knew exactly where to look. Photographs from the late 19th century showed the aqueduct in use by the city's Ottoman rulers, nearly 600 years after its construction in 1320.

AP Photo / Bernat Armangue

Colosseum Collapse

Tourists gather in front of Rome's Colosseum, Sunday, May 9, 2010. Roman archaeology officials say three chunks of mortar have fallen from the Colosseum -- but no one was hurt and tourist visits will go on as normal.

AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia

Moon House Ruins

Hiker Richard Schwarz stands in the "Moon House" in southeastern Utah on Cedar Mesa in McLoyd's Canyon which he has visited four times, saying it is his favorite site to visit in southern Utah. As of March 2010, permits are now required to enter the area to ensure low impact on the archaeological site. Moon House is a Pueblo III-period cliff dwelling. It was created by the Anasazi or Ancestral Puebloan peoples between 1150 and 1300 A.D.

AP Photo/The Salt Lake Tribune, Leah Hogsten

Prehistoric Stone Seal

This red stone seal with a deer carved into red stone was unearthed in the prehistoric town of Tell Zeidan. The stone is not native to the area, but the seal is similar to one found 185 miles to the east near Mosul in northern Iraq. The town that had remained untouched beneath the ground near Syria for 6,000 years is now revealing clues about the first cities in the Middle East prior to the invention of the wheel.

Gil Stein, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago

Baked Clay Carvings

This seven-inch-tall female figurine is from the Ubaid period and is made of baked clay. It was uncovered at Tell Zeidan, a prehistoric town that had remained untouched beneath the ground near Syria for 6,000 years and is now revealing clues about the first cities in the Middle East prior to the invention of the wheel.

Gil Stein, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago

Tell Zeidan Vase

This strainer-spouted pitcher is from the Halaf period and dates from about 5400 B.C. It is painted and impressed in a pattern of connected ovals that is a common motif in the Halaf culture.A prehistoric town that had remained untouched beneath the ground near Syria for 6,000 years is now revealing clues about the first cities in the Middle East prior to the invention of the wheel.

Gil Stein, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago

Lead Sarcophagus

A lead sarcophagus, folded over to resemble a burrito, as it was found in a tomb outside Rome. The 1,700-year-old sarcophagus was found in an abandoned city and could contain the body of a gladiator or a Christian dignitary, say archaeologists who are preparing to examine the coffin.

 

Jeffrey Becker/National Geographic

The Collapse of Nero's Palace

March 30: Italian firefighters work next to a part of the collapsed ceiling of a gallery in the complex which includes Nero's Golden Palace.

AP Photo/Andrew Medichini

Skeletons and Jewels

Archeologists discovered the remains of a high priestess and her three female protegees at an ancient necropolis in Greece -- a discovery that can shed light on the early ages. At the ancient necropolis of Orthi Petra in Crete, Greece, they found a number of female skeletons, laid to rest with jewels made from luxury materials such as gold, silver and ivory. The richness of the burial offerings show that these women were of high standing -- priestesses, healers or sorcerers. It also suggests that the women were not inferior to men, since they were buried just feet from male warriors. 

Prof. N. Ch. Stampolidis/archaeology.org

Mycenaean Warrior Medallion

Archeologists discovered the remains of a high priestess and her three female protegees at an ancient necropolis in Greece -- a discovery that can shed light on the early ages. Amid the jewels was a war medallion, another sacred adornment found at the tomb of the priestesses.

Prof. N. Ch. Stampolidis/archaeology.org

Gold Lion Pendant

Archeologists discovered the remains of a high priestess and her three female protegees at an ancient necropolis in Greece -- a discovery that can shed light on the early ages. Amid the jewels was a crescent lion gold pendant. The lion is a beloved theme on the famous bronze shields of the Idaean Cave and in the necropolis of Eleutherna.

Prof. N. Ch. Stampolidis/archaeology.org

Entrance to the Priestess Tomb

Over the past two and a half decades, archaeologists have excavated the acropolis, city, and necropolis of ancient Eleutherna under the direction of Nicholas Stampolidis. Excavations have shown that the people who lived here--descendants of the Bronze Age civilizations of both the Minoans and the Mycenaeans--controlled a vast territory, beginning around the ninth century B.C. The site is 10 miles from the so-called "cave of Zeus," where the head of the Greek pantheon was raised.

Prof. N. Ch. Stampolidis/archaeology.org

Homo Floresiensis Skull

A researcher holds a skull of a Homo floresiensis in Indonesia. The race of hobbit-like creatures may once have existed on the remote island of Flores, where an international team is trying to shed light on the fossilized 18,000-year-old skeleton of a dwarf cavewoman whose discovery in 2003 was an international sensation.

AP Photo/Puslitbang Arkenas

Bird Fossils 2.jpg

This March 23, 2010 photo provided by the Dallas Museum of Nature & Science shows a fossilized prehistoric bird, discovered by amateur paleontologist Kris Howe,34, near Grapevine Lake near Fort Worth, Texas. The fossilized bones are about 96 million years old and from a previously undiscovered species of flightless, carnivorous bird that probably resembled a modern roadrunner, museum paleontologist Ron Tykoski said at a news conference earlier this month to announce the discovery

Egypt in New York

A 25-foot tall replica statue of the Egyptian god Anubis, with a suitcase at his feet, passes in front of the Brooklyn Bridge while taking a tour of the New York waterways, Tuesday, March 23, 2010. The statue was traveling to announce the upcoming exhibit "Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs" starting on April 23 at the Discovery Times Square Exposition.

AP Photo/Seth Wenig

Queen Behenu Burial Chamber

This undated photo released by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Wednesday March 3, 2010, shows part of the unearthed burial chamber with well preserved religious texts for the more than 4,000 year old Queen Behenu from Egypt's Old Kingdom, at the ancient burial site in Saqqara, Egypt.

AP Photo/Supreme Council of Antiquities

Door to Afterlife

This undated photo taken in Egypt and released by the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities on Monday, March 29, 2010, is said by them to show a nearly six-foot-tall slab of pink granite used as a false door in the tomb of User, the chief minister of Queen Hatshepsut, which has been unearthed in Egypt. The Egyptian antiquities authority says archaeologists have unearthed the 3,500-year-old false door from the tomb of the high-ranking Egyptian official near Karnak temple in Luxor.

Supreme Council of Antiquities

Alexander the Great Graces Coinage

Feb. 17: A staff member from Bulgaria's National History Museum shows a 2,300-year-old golden coin engraved with the profile of Alexander the Great.

AP

Excavations in the Old City

Feb. 22: An Israeli archaeologist said Jerusalem's ancient fortifications date back 3,000 years to the time of the Bible's King Solomon -- and offer evidence for the accuracy of the biblical narrative.

AP

Life in the Age of Byzantium

Feb. 10: The Madaba mosaic map, found in a Jordanian church, provides unprecedented evidence of what life was like in Jerusalem in Byzantine times, according to archaeologists. Red marks are placed in the area representing a recently excavated Byzantine street in Jerusalem's Old City. Archeologists said the discovery of the street confirms that the Madaba map was accurate.

AP

Rome's Lasting Stamp

Feb. 18: This tile bearing the Roman Tenth Legion stamp was discovered in an ancient aqueduct during an archeological excavation in Jerusalem's Old City.

AP

Words From the Past

Feb. 17: Archaeologist Annette Nagar of Israel's Antiquities Authority holds a fragment of a marble plaque with an Arabic inscription dated to 910 A.D., discovered in Jerusalem's Old City. The fragment of a 1,100-year-old plaque is thought to have been made by an army veteran to express his thanks for a land grant from the Caliph al-Muqtadir, who the inscription calls "Emir of the Faithful."

AP

Egypt's Golden Boy

Feb. 17: Two of Egypt's famed King Tutankhamun's golden sarcophagi are displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt. Two years of DNA testing and CT scans on King Tutankhamun's 3,300-year-old mummy and 15 other mummies have provided the cause of death and the firmest family tree yet for Tut -- pointing to Pharaoh Akhenaten as Tut's father, Akhenaten's sister as Tut's mother, and Queen Tiye as Tut's grandmother.

AP

Under the Mask

Feb. 15: Tourists crowd around the golden mask of King Tutankhamun at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt's famed King Tut suffered from a cleft palate and club foot, likely forcing him to walk with a cane. He died of complications from a broken leg exacerbated by malaria, according to the most extensive study of his mummy ever completed.

AP

A Look at Ancient Israel

Feb. 15: Israeli Antiquities authority archeologist Uzi Ad, right, and his team are seen next to a 1,400-year-old wine press found near the kibbutz of Hafetz Haim, central Israel.

AP

Ancient Iraq's Hidden Treasures

Feb. 4: A stone block bears cuneiform script writing in the ancient city of Ur.

AP

The Cradle of Civilization

Feb. 4: A marvel of ancient architecture, the city of Ur's ziggurat, near Nasiriyah, Iraq, was a place of worship for Mesopotamians. Irreplaceable pieces of Iraq's ancient past exist in Ur. Thousands of artifacts, dating back to at least 2450 B.C., are believed to be buried under a dusty expanse there, an archaeological treasure billed as southern Iraq's next big tourist attraction. But money for fences, sidewalks and scientific excavation to protect the ruins are tied up in a budget process that will not be resolved until Iraq's new government is seated.

AP

Cyrus Cylinder

Feb. 8: The British Museum shows its Cyrus Cylinder, a 6th century B.C. clay tablet thought to be the world's earliest bill of rights. Iran said it will cut ties with the British Museum because of the museum's failure to lend Tehran the ancient Babylonian artifact. The spat over the loan has long festered between London and Tehran, and now continues against the backdrop of increasingly tense Iranian-British relations. The artifact gives an account, in cuneiform, of the conquest of Babylon by Persian King Cyrus the Great in 539 B.C.

AP

Aphrodite After Rome

The Roman marble statue of Aphrodite Pudica.

AP Photo/ Rupert Wace Ancient Art

Mayan Ceramic Head

Jan. 27: A ceramic head found in a newly discovered tomb near Ocosingo village in Mexico's Chiapas state. Archaeologists from Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History announced the discovery of the site in Dec. 2009. The site dates from 840-900 B.C.

AP

Mayan Tomb Unearthed

Jan. 27: Skeletal remains and an artifact sit in a newly discovered tomb at the Mayan Tonina archeological site near Ocosingo village in Mexico's Chiapas state.

AP

All That Glitters

Jan. 25: A miniature gold coffin seized by police in southern city of Limassol, Cyprus. Cyprus police said they had broken up an antiquities theft ring negotiating a $15.5 million deal to sell artifacts dating as far back as 2,000 B.C. Police spokesman Michalis Katsounotos said 10 Cypriots had been arrested and another five, including a Syrian man, were being sought in the case, believed to be the largest of its kind in the Mediterranean island's history. The suspects face charges of illegally possessing and trading in antiquities. 

AP

Take a Penny, Leave a Penny

Jan. 25: Antique coins that are part of the collection rescued from black market sale by Cyprus police in Limassol, Cyprus.

AP

Urns Aplenty

Jan. 25: Stolen antique urns that were confiscated from thieves in Limassol, Cyprus.

AP

A Jumble of Jugs

Jan. 25: Antiquities seized by police in Limassol, Cyprus.

AP

Fallen in France

Jan. 30: Australian soldiers carry the coffin of a fellow comrade, killed in World War I, during a ceremony of re-burials in Fromelles, France. Archaeologists have begun excavating a cluster of mass graves in northern France that contain the remains of hundreds of Australian and British soldiers who perished during the Battle of Fromelles in July 1916.

AP

Last Rites

Jan. 30: Almost a century after they fell in the Battle of Fromelles, the first of the Australian and British soldiers is buried with full military honors at a ceremony in France.

AP

Walking on History

Feb. 4: A youth walks on top of the glass-covered renovated monks quarters, part of the completed restoration works at the Monastery of St. Antony, near Suez city, Egypt. Egypt's antiquities chief unveiled the completion of an 8-year, $14.5 million restoration of the world's oldest Christian monastery, touting it as a sign of Christian-Muslim coexistence.

AP

Neanderthal Tooth Fairy

Feb. 1: Szczecin University's Department of Archaeology displayed one of three Neanderthal teeth a team of Polish scientists discovered in the southern part of the country. Mikolaj Urbanowski, an archaeologist and the lead researcher, said Neanderthal artifacts have been unearthed in Poland before, but the teeth are the first remains of Neanderthals themselves discovered in the country.

AP

Pyramid Builders

 Jan. 11: Bones, believed to belong to the pyramid builders, are seen in a tomb near the site of the Pyramids, in Giza, Egypt. Egyptian archaeologists discovered a new set of tombs belonging to the workers who built the great pyramids, shedding light on how the laborers lived and ate more than 4,000 years ago, the antiquities department said. 

AP

Digging History: The Latest Archaeology News

3,000-year-old artifacts, the world's oldest disposable knife, a really, really old bakery, a Mayan tomb and more. The latest discoveries from the ancient world.

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