Smith's litter frog , identified in 1999, one of five new frog discoveries in the Indian state of Assam, ranks among the most extraordinary-looking frogs in the world. Measuring only a few centimeters, this small frog has a giant pair of piercing, bulging and vivid golden eyes. Smith's litter frog was reportedly discovered in the Mayeng Hill Reserve Forest and Garbhanga Reserve Forest, Kamru District, Assam. (WWF)
Officially discovered in 2002, Gumprecht’s green pitviper is venomous and capable of growing to over four feet in length. Scientists predict that larger specimens exist. The species is known to occur around Putao, at altitudes above 400m in the far north of Myanmar. There are some striking differences between the males and females of this species; females reach a greater size, with a thin, white or whitish-blue streak on the head, and deep yellow eyes; males are shorter, have a red stripe on the head, and bright red or deep red eyes. (WWF)
This medium-sized jungle bird reminiscent of a wren is dark brown, with a short tail, long legs, relatively large feet and a long curved bill. This long bill is used to forage and probe for food on the ground. The species was officially described as a new species in 2005. (WWF)
Liparis Dongchenii orchid
Named after the canyon in which it was found, an area of Tibet which started to be explored as recently as the mid-1990s, the rare plant can grow two feet tall and flowers all year round. The color of the flower seems to change with temperature and exposure. They sometimes appear truly blue when in a cool climate and change to purple when temperatures rise; a characteristic unique for this species among impatiens. (WWF)
The bright-green, red-footed tree frog Rhacophorus suffry, a so-called 'Flying frog' because long webbed feet allow the species to glide when falling, was described in 2007.
Meconopsis tibetica, described in 2006, is one of 12 new poppy species discoveries. A vast garden stretches across the Eastern Himalayas, a mysterious and alluring landscape that has yielded on average of 24 new plant discoveries every year for the last 10 years. (WWF)
Zaw’s wolf snake, discovered dwelling in forests and near streams at elevations of less than 1500 feet in Assam, India, including in the Garbhange Reserve Forest and in northern Myanmar. The black snake, with white bands, can grow to half a meter in length, and feeds mainly on geckos. (WWF)
Among the new fi nds are three species of scorpion, one of which was described from the Chitwan National Park in Nepal in 2004. This discovery was particularly significant as it was the first species of scorpion ever to be discovered in the country. The 8cm long, reddish-black species has a smooth carapace, and a reddish-brown tail tip or telson that contains the venom. (WWF)
Described as a new species in 2005, the relatively large brown primate with a short tail was a significant discovery as, at the time, it represented the first new monkey species identified anywhere in the world in over a century. The newly described macaque species is stocky in build and has a darker face than other closely related species. It is the highest-dwelling macaque in the world, occurring between 1,600m and 3,500m about sea level. (WWF Nepal)
The bugun liochicla species predominantly inhabits open-canopied hill forests with dense shrubs and small trees, and so far is known to be restricted to 2 sq km at an altitude of between 2,000m and 2,350m.
The oldest fern, found in Cretaceous amber from Burma which includes a plethora of plant and invertebrate remains. (George Poinar/WWF Nepal)
Termite that has intestinal protozoa found in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar which includes a plethora of plant and invertebrate remains. (George Poinar/WWF Nepal)
The world's smallest deer species, a miniature muntjac, discovered in 1999. Standing 60-80cm tall and weighing just about 24 pounds, was first seen by a team of scientists undertaking field surveys in the Himalayan region of northern Myanmar.
The oldest known mushroom found in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar which includes a plethora of plant and invertebrate remains. (George Poinar/WWF Nepal)
Macrobrachium agwi -- a new species of shrimp. A recent shipment of freshwater prawns imported into Europe from Cooch Behar, Bengal, had among their number a surprise stowaway; a previously unknown species to science. With its tinted reddish-brown color, the medium sized new species Macrobrachium agwi was described in 2008.
The species is the most recent addition to the Trachycarpus genus, and the most interesting yet according to some scientists. The palm was discovered in Assam, on the border with Myanmar. Growing to a height of 50 feet, the tree has a hairless trunk, one foot in diameter. (Keshow Chandra Pradhan/WWF Nepal)
Cascade frogs or torrent frogs as they are also known as, have adapted to life amongst the torrents, waterfalls and wet boulders that cascade out of Asia's rainforests. (Abhijit Das/WWF Nepal)
The Eastern Himalayas (Murat Selam/WWF Nepal)
Coelogyne pantlingii orchid, found in Sikkim. (Sudhizom Lucksom/WWF Nepal)
Erethistoides ascita, described in 2005 from the Ganges river drainage in the terai of Nepal.
Erethistoides cavatura, described in 2005 from the Ganges river drainage in the terai of Nepal.
Itagonia cordiformis beetle
The orange-spotted snakehead, endemic to the forest streams, ponds, and swamps adjacent to the Brahmaputra river in the subtropical rainforest of northern Assam. The species is remarkably striking, with a vibrant pattern of purple and orange adorning the length of its body. Discovered in 2000, and measuring up to 40cm in length, the fish is also known as the 'orange-spotted snakehead,' as its head looks like that of a snake. It is carnivorous and predatory,
enjoying a diet of smaller fish and invertebrates.
Named after the canyon in which it was found, an area of Tibet which started to be explored as recently as the mid-1990s, the rare plant can grow two feet tall and flowers all year round. The color of the flower seems to change with temperature and exposure. They sometimes appear truly blue when in a cool climate and change to purple when temperatures rise; a characteristic unique for this species among impatiens.
Cretacegekko burmae -- a 100 million year old gecko -- preserved in cretaceous amber. The fossil remains from the amber include a plethora of plant and invertebrate remains but vertebrate fossils are very rare.
The world's smallest deer, a flying frog and catfish that stick to rocks — as well as more than 350 other species — have been discovered over the past decade in the Himalayas, making it one of the world's most biologically rich regions, according to the World Wildlife Fund.