Congress is expected to agree Friday on a $1.1 trillion spending bill to keep the government open. Inside the deal is a $1.2 billion increase in spending for the Department of Education, according to U.S. News & World Report.

Most of that increase goes to two federal programs for disadvantaged students.

Title I, the portion of federal law that gives extra funding to schools with high portions of students living in poverty, receives a $500 million annual boost in the spending deal. But a November study from the Brookings Institution found the now $14.9 billion program is largely ineffective. Most program funds get spent on ineffective services, such as teacher professional development, that research has shown not to be useful.

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The Individuals with Disabilities Act, a special education program, gets a $415 million boost in the spending deal, bringing it to an $11.9 billion cost per year.

Federal funding for charter schools gets an $80 million boost, up to $333 million a year.

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