The Republican-led House went on record Friday against the Iran nuclear deal, but the symbolic vote will not stop President Obama from implementing the agreement.
After three hours of hot-tempered debate, the House voted 269 to 162 to reject the deal. Some two dozen Democrats broke with Obama to register their disapproval.
The fate of the agreement on Capitol Hill, however, was sealed on Thursday when Senate Democrats voted to uphold the accord with Iran, overcoming heavy GOP opposition to hand Obama a victory on his top foreign policy priority.
The Senate action guaranteed that any legislation disapproving of the accord will never reach Obama's desk. Moreover, House Democrats late Thursday announced there are now 146 members of the House who have publicly voiced their support of the agreement -- enough to uphold a presidential veto even if any GOP legislation against the deal could get through.
The House was to vote later on a measure to suspend until Jan. 21, 2017 -- a day after a new president is sworn into office -- Obama's authority to waive, suspend or reduce sanctions on Iran. That measure was expected to pass the House.
Democrats argued that the agreement would stabilize the Mideast, stop Iran from rushing to develop a nuclear bomb and offer a chance to end the standoff with Iran diplomatically, while retaining a U.S. threat of military action. They accused House Republicans of using their opposition to the nuclear deal to take a partisan shot at the president.
Republicans countered that the agreement's inspection regime against Iran, a state sponsor of terrorism, is weak and repeatedly recalled how Islamic extremists attacked America on Sept. 11, 2001. They said the deal will allow Iran to eventually possess a nuclear weapon and that the billions it will receive through sanctions relief will end up in the hands of terrorist groups that Tehran supports.
"This deal is far worse than anything I could have imagined," said House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio. "This is such a bad deal the ayatollah won't even have to cheat to be steps away from a nuclear weapon."
Boehner criticized the deal, saying that it does not have a rigorous enough inspection regime, will allow Iran to keep thousands of centrifuges spinning and will leave the nation with a chance to become a nuclear-armed state in about a decade.
"Never in our history has something with so many consequences for our national security been rammed through with such little support," Boehner said. "Today is Sept. 11 ... Our fight to stop this bad deal is just beginning. We will not let the American people down."
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said that if the Iranians cheat, inspectors using advanced technology will know it. She noted that Iran is already on the threshold of being a nuclear-armed state and that the agreement delays this from becoming a reality for at least a decade.
"We mustn't judge agreements for what they don't do. ... Today we will not be just making history ... we will be making progress for the peace in the world," Pelosi said.
Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., spoke vehemently against the deal but acknowledged that the vote will not stop the president from implementing the agreement.
The House measures could come up in the Senate next week, but would face a filibuster by Senate Democrats and Sept. 17 -- the date slated for the close of congressional review of the deal -- is less than a week away.
"I know the president may have already lined up enough support to save his deal. But with this vote, we need to send a message to both Iran and the world," Ryan said.
"The regime may have bamboozled this administration, but the American people know that this is a rotten deal."
Rep. Peter Roskam, R-Ill., who has been leading opposition to the accord in the House, however, said the Republicans' fight against the deal is not over.
"Is this just a bad idea? ... I think it wins the worse idea ever award," Roskam said, hinting that House Republicans might take Obama to court over the deal.
"The notion that this is all done and it's a settled case. It is not," Roskam said.
White House spokesman Josh Earnest dismissed Boehner's warning that he might sue Obama over the Iran deal, saying "We obviously feel quite confident in our ability to move forward with the rest of the international community."
"Congress was given an opportunity to set the rules here and this was the outcome that occurred as a result of that process," Earnest said of the Senate vote on the resolution of disapproval.
As part of the last-ditch effort to snarl the deal, the House on Thursday adopted a resolution on a vote of 245-186 saying that Obama had not complied with the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act.
Supporters of the resolution claimed the act required the president to supply Congress with all documents relevant to the deal, but that the administration did not give lawmakers texts of two agreements that the U.N. nuclear inspection agency negotiated separately with Tehran.
The administration says it doesn't have the bilateral agreements and the nuclear inspection agency says confidentiality provisions prevent it from releasing them.