POLITICS

President Obama asks Congress to authorize military force against ISIS

  • FILE - In this Dec. 17, 2014 file photo, Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla. speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington. Rubio seems to be moving toward a bid for the Republicans' presidential nomination, and late Sunday he joins Sens. Ted Cruz of Texas and Rand Paul of Kentucky for an audience with the conservative billionaire Koch brothers. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

    FILE - In this Dec. 17, 2014 file photo, Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla. speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington. Rubio seems to be moving toward a bid for the Republicans' presidential nomination, and late Sunday he joins Sens. Ted Cruz of Texas and Rand Paul of Kentucky for an audience with the conservative billionaire Koch brothers. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)

  • FILE - In this Feb. 9, 2015 file photo, President Barack Obama answers a question during a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the East Room of the White House in Washington. President Barack Obama asked Congress Wednesday to formally authorize war against the Islamic State group, arguing the militants could pose a threat to the U.S. homeland if their violent power grab goes unchecked and urging lawmakers to “show the world we are united in our resolve to counter the threat.” (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

    FILE - In this Feb. 9, 2015 file photo, President Barack Obama answers a question during a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the East Room of the White House in Washington. President Barack Obama asked Congress Wednesday to formally authorize war against the Islamic State group, arguing the militants could pose a threat to the U.S. homeland if their violent power grab goes unchecked and urging lawmakers to “show the world we are united in our resolve to counter the threat.” (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

A day after the news that another American, a 26-year-old humanitarian worker, had died in the custody of Islamic State fighters, President Barack Obama sent Congress legislation to authorize military force against the ruthless group.

Of immediate concern was a legislative struggle — the search for a compromise that could satisfy Democrats who oppose the use of American ground forces in the fight against IS, and Republicans who favor at least leaving the possibility open.

Sen. Bob Menendez, the ranking leader on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said to reporters on Tuesday in describing the White House's opaque formulation of force against IS that it remained subject to modification.

"That's where the rub will be" as the White House tries to win approval for the legislation, he said.

Obama asked lawmakers to "show the world we are united in our resolve" to defeat militants who have overrun parts of the Middle East and threaten attacks on the United States.

He also proposed no geographic limitations where U.S. forces could pursue the militants. The authorization covers the Islamic State and "associated persons or forces," defined as those fighting on behalf of or alongside IS "or any closely-related successor entity in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners."

On Tuesday, Sen. Marco Rubio, Florida Republican, had said that any use of force should not be subject to geographic limitations.

“What the president needs to come up with is a strategy, militarily, to defeat them,” Mr. Rubio said on Fox News’ “The Kelly File.” “Which I think involves, for example, an anti-ISIL ground force made up of Arab armies, combined with U.S. Special Forces, particularly for tactical support, an increase in the airstrikes. But we need to authorize the use of force. But more importantly, we need to authorize the use of force sufficient to defeat them, to destroy them.”

“If you put a geographic limit on the authorization of the use of force, you’ve basically told ISIL where they can go to hide,” Rubio said. “If you say, for example, you can only hit them in Iraq and Syria, they have every incentive now to move their operations and their training facilities to some other place that’s not included within it.”

“We need to understand – what’s the goal here? The goal here is to defeat ISIL. If your goal is to defeat them, your goal is to defeat them no matter how long it takes, or how many places you have to go after them.”  

In urging Congress to back military force, the president ruled out "enduring offensive combat operations," a deliberately ambiguous phrase designed to satisfy lawmakers with widely different views on any role for U.S. ground troops.

Majority Republicans in Congress responded warily to the request.

Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, expressed doubt it would "give our military commanders the flexibility and authorities they need to succeed and protect our people." He said changes were likely before the measure comes to a vote, although an initial House committee hearing was set for Thursday.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., like Boehner, said the proposal would receive serious consideration.

There was no timetable for Congress to act on the president's request, which triggers the first war powers vote in Congress since President George W. Bush sought and won an authorization in 2002 before the U.S. invasion of Iraq.

In a letter to lawmakers that accompanied the three-page draft legislation, Obama said the Islamic State "poses a threat to the people and stability of Iraq, Syria and the broader Middle East and to U.S. national security."

While asking Congress to bar long-term, large scale ground combat operations like those in Afghanistan and Iraq, Obama said he wants the flexibility for ground combat operations "in other more limited circumstances." Those include rescue missions, intelligence collection and the use of special operations forces in possible military action against IS leaders.

The issue of ground forces is likely to prove difficult in the administration's attempt to win passage of legislation.

While some Republicans favor their use, many Democrats oppose it, mindful of the long and deadly war in Iraq.

The House Democratic leader, Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California, issued a statement that refrained from endorsing Obama's proposal. It said Congress should act judiciously and promptly to pass legislation "narrowly tailored" to the fight against IS. She has said previously she opposes deploying U.S. "boots on the ground."

Obama arranged to speak publicly about the request later Wednesday.

In his letter, he referred to four American hostages who have died in Islamic State custody — at least three of them beheaded. He said the group, if left unchecked, "will pose a threat beyond the Middle East, including to the United States homeland."

Among the four hostages was Kayla Mueller, a 26-year-old humanitarian worker whose death under unknown circumstances was confirmed Tuesday. In addition, the group has urged sympathizers to attacks Western targets.

Obama proposed a three-year time limit on the authorization for the use of force, a schedule that would leave the legislation in force through the first year of his successor's term in office.

He also proposed no geographic limitations where U.S. forces could pursue the militants. The authorization covers the Islamic State and "associated persons or forces," defined as those fighting on behalf of or alongside IS "or any closely-related successor entity in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners."

Obama's resolution would repeal a 2002 authorization for force in Iraq but maintain a 2001 authorization against al-Qaida in Afghanistan. He said in his letter to lawmakers his goal is to refine and ultimately repeal that measure as well.

The silence on the 2001 authorization drew criticism from some Democrats. "It makes little sense to place reasonable boundaries on the executive's war powers against ISIL while leaving them unchecked elsewhere," said Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., in a statement, using an acronym for the terrorist group.

At the White House, press secretary Josh Earnest said the ground troop limitation would allow special operations missions, such as potential raids targeting Islamic State leaders and the failed attempt last summer to rescue Mueller and other hostages held by the group.

"It's impossible to envision every scenario where ground combat troops might be necessary," Earnest said in the White House's first interview laying out its case for the resolution.

"The president believes this sort of strikes the right balance of enforcing what he has indicated is our policy, while preserving the ability to make some adjustments as necessary," Earnest told The Associated Press.

In the past, Obama has said the congressional authorizations that President George W. Bush used to justify military action after the Sept. 11 attacks are sufficient for him to deploy more than 2,700 U.S. troops to train and assist Iraqi security forces and conduct airstrikes against targets in Iraq and Syria.

Obama cast the vote as an important message to America's allies and enemies. "I can think of no better way for the Congress to join me in supporting our nation's security than by enacting this legislation, which would show the world we are united in our resolve to counter the threat" from IS, he wrote to lawmakers.

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