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Trayvon Martin's mother testifies against 'stand your ground' laws

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June 24, 2013: Tracy Martin, left, and Sybrina Fulton, center, parents of slain teenager Trayvon Martin, speak in a news conference prior to opening arguments in the trial of George Zimmerman at the Seminole County Courthouse, in Sanford, Fla. (AP/John Raoux, File)

Trayvon Martin's mother testified Tuesday on Capitol Hill that so-called "stand-your-ground" laws do not work and should be changed. 

The testimony by Sybrina Fulton revived the controversy over both her son's death and state gun laws. Martin's mother told the panel that she attended the hearing so senators can "at least put a face with what has happened with this tragedy." 

"I just wanted to come here to...let you know how important it is that we amend this stand your ground because it certainly did not work in my case," Fulton said, speaking without consulting prepared remarks. "The person that shot and killed my son is walking the streets today. This law does not work." 

Florida's "stand-your-ground" law, however, was not raised by the defense during the trial of shooter George Zimmerman, who claimed he acted in self-defense and was being attacked at the time.   

Stand-your-ground laws typically allow those who feel threatened to use deadly force even if they have the option to run away. 

Republicans, led by Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas, said the matter, though, should be left to the states that passed the laws. 

"The states are doing quite well...without our interference," Rep. Louie Gohmert testified to the Senate Judiciary Committee. 

Said Cruz: "This is not about politicking. This is not about inflaming racial tensions. This is about the right of everyone to protect themselves and protect their families." Cruz made reference to statistics he said which show that blacks cite stand your ground laws at least as often as whites. 

Race and politics were woven into the event and in the broader public policy debate. There's little willingness in Congress to weigh in on the laws of 22 states that have some form of the policy. These laws generally cancel a person's duty to retreat in the face of a serious physical attack. 

But members of Congress are busily engaged in their re-election efforts for next year's midterms, with 35 seats at stake in the Senate, all 435 seats in the GOP-controlled House and the majorities of both chambers hanging in the balance. Gun control is a politically divisive issue, more so in the wake of mass shootings in Newtown, Conn., the Washington Navy Yard and more. 

The 2012 shooting death of Martin, 17 and unarmed, and the acquittal this year of neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman stirred racial tensions and sparked debate over stand your ground laws in Florida and at least 21 other states. 

Lucia Holman McBath, the mother of Jordan Russell Davis, implored the Senate to resolve the nation's debate. Her son, 17-year old Jordan, was shot and killed nearly a year ago when Michael David Dunn, 46, allegedly opened fire on a Dodge Durango with four teenagers inside after complaining of their loud music and saying he saw a gun and thus a threat. Jordan had been inside. Authorities never found a gun in the vehicle, the Florida Times-Union reported. Dunn's trial is set for next year.

"You can lift this nation from its internal battle in which guns rule over right," McBath told the panel.

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 22 states have laws that allow that "there is no duty to retreat (from) an attacker in any place in which one is lawfully present." The states are Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and West Virginia, according to the NCSL.

At least nine of those state laws include language stating one may "stand his or her ground": Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Carolina, according to the NCSL. 

The Associated Press contributed to this report.