WASHINGTON -- With an eye toward the 2012 presidential contest, leading Republicans used this weekend's meeting of the National Governors Association to lay out divergent views of President Obama's stimulus plan -- and competing visions of their party's future.
On one side were southern governors including Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Haley Barbour of Mississippi, and Mark Sanford of South Carolina. All three are outspoken critics of Obama's $787 billion plan to jolt the economy through investment in education, health care and transportation, and have said they are likely to reject some of the stimulus funding.
Jindal and Sanford are considered likely presidential candidates in 2012, but have demurred when asked about their future endeavors.
On the other side were the coastal moderates, including Florida Gov. Charlie Crist and California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who have embraced Obama's stimulus plan as an important, if imperfect, means of bringing their states out of the grip of recession.
Schwarzenegger, a native of Austria, is precluded by law from running for president, but Crist is thought to be a serious prospect.
In the middle is another likely 2012 contender, Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty, who has criticized the stimulus bill but nonetheless plans to accept the money for his state. Pawlenty, whom Sen. John McCain nearly chose as his running mate last year, speaks openly of the need for Republicans to modernize and attract more minorities and women while putting a conservative stamp on issues like health care and alternative energy.
Obama hosted the governors at the White House on Sunday night in his administration's first formal dinner. He said all governors, despite party affiliation, need to work with Washington to repair the economy.
Not present at the governor's meeting was Alaska's Sarah Palin, arguably the Republican party's biggest star. Palin, who joined McCain on the Republican ticket last year, is viewed as a top prospect for 2012 -- but that doesn't mean other governors are standing by in the meantime.
Sanford, 48, the stimulus bill's most ardent opponent among governors, acknowledged Sunday that there "may not be much of a national appetite right now" for his strict anti-spending philosophy.
In an interview, he said it was all part of his commitment to bedrock conservative values, which he believes are the key to a Republican resurgence.
"There's one school of thought that says the way you grow out of the wilderness is by expanding the tent, appeal to Hispanics, to women, use technology. I think the way you grow the tent is by going back to the basics of what brought you to town in the first place," Sanford said. "For Republicans, it's the larger conservative theme of walking the walk on taxes and spending."
Sanford insists that he wants Obama to succeed as president but won't rule out a run to replace him.
"We all win if he wins, and we all fail if he fails," Sanford said. "Now that doesn't mean we don't have disagreements on policy. And if the plan he's working on is fundamentally flawed and will hurt people, I've got to speak up."
Jindal, at 37 one of the youngest U.S. governors and the first Indian-American to hold the position, echoed Sanford's view that the Republicans failed by straying from core principles.
"Our Republican Party got fired with cause these last two election cycles. We became the party that defended spending, corruption that we never should've tolerated, and we stopped offering relevant solutions to the problems that Americans care about," Jindal told NBC's "Meet the Press. "I think now is the time and it's a great opportunity for Republican governors and other leaders to offer conservative-based solutions to the problems."
Jindal said he plans to run for re-election in 2011 and doesn't believe the country is ready to consider another presidential race just yet. But he, too, refused to rule out a run.
Crist, 52, who campaigned with Obama in Florida to pass the stimulus, hinted that Republicans might be making a mistake by defining themselves in opposition to the plan.
"I'm a Florida Republican. And in the Florida way, we work together in a bipartisan fashion to do what's right for the people," Crist said on "Meet the Press." "You know, people run for office in order to try to help their constituents, the people of their state or their district or their country. ... So I'll take ideas from anybody. It really doesn't matter if they're a Republican, a Democrat or an independent."
Crist said he is preparing for his state's legislative session in March and not thinking about what 2012 may bring.
Pawlenty, 48, said recent Republican setbacks have offered "an opportunity for a symphony or a chorus of voices" in party leadership.
In an interview, Pawlenty said he had originally been enthusiastic about Obama's proposed stimulus plan but was disillusioned by the end result.
"President Obama ran on the central premise he would end the old partisan politics. The first test of that was really quite a failure," Pawlenty said. "Instead of putting down his foot down with the Congressional leaders and bringing it back to traditional bread and butter stimulus, he let them have this meandering traditional spending bill."
While Pawlenty refused to say whether he'd be a presidential candidate in 2012, he also expressed frustration with the Republican party for failing to present itself in a way that is appealing to a broader cross-section of voters.
"Whoever runs needs to bring a fresher voice and face to the party. I'm hopeful the party will recognize the need to present ourselves in a different way," he said.
Pawlenty also seemed to take a shot at Palin and one of her signature campaign themes when describing Republicans' failure to embrace a range of key issues, like alternative energy.
"'Drill, baby, drill' is a great slogan but it is not in and of itself an energy policy," Pawlenty said.