President Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act of 1960.
The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC.
The famous British luxury liner Titanic sank in the North Atlantic ocean off Newfoundland, less than three hours after striking an iceberg. About 1,500 people died. It has been 100 years.
The U.S. House of Representatives held its first meeting. Seven days earlier, the first U.S. House of Representatives elected Pennsylvania Representative Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg as its first speaker.
The U.S. House of Representatives held its first full meeting in New York City. Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania was elected the first House Speaker.
Martin Luther King Jr. led a group of 25,000 to the state capital in Montgomery, AL.
The U.S. Supreme Court handed down the Miranda decision concerning legal council for defendants.
U.S. Senator Carl Hayden (D-AZ) broke the record for continuous service in the U.S. Senate. He had worked 37 years and seven days.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated as the 32nd president of the United States. FDR's inauguration speech came during the height of the Great Depression and it was on this day when he said "we have nothing to fear, but fear itself."
In Arizona, the Grand Canyon was established as a National Park with an act of the U.S. Congress