Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca (1898 – 1936), better known as Federico García Lorca, was a Spanish poet, playwright, and theater director. He was an important part of the literary movement Generation of ’27, which was responsible for bringing popular literary styles like surrealism and symbolism to Spain.
Early in his career, Lorca was mentored by fellow poet Juan Ramón Jiménez and befriended other creative greats like Salvador Dalí. Perhaps one of the most intriguing aspects of Lorca’s life was his death. He was assassinated by the Nationalist faction at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in Fuente Grande (Great Fountain – a road between two Spanish towns) for unclear reasons. His remains have never been found.
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957), whose real name was Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga, was the first Latin American woman to win a Nobel Prize in Literature for her poetry. Best known for works such as “Soneta de le muerte”, “Desolacíon” and “Ternura,” Mistral is so beloved by her country that her likeness is used on the 5,000 Chilean peso bank note.
Chilean poet and diplomat Pablo Neruda (1904 - 1973), whose real name was Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto, is best known for works such as “Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair” and “Obras Completas". He also won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971, and reportedly wrote in green ink as a representation of desire and hope. He is considered a literary icon and has been immortalized in various films, music, and other pieces of literature.
Havana-born nationalist and writer José Julián Martí Pérez (1853 - 1895), more popularly known as José Martí, was extremely dedicated to the cause of Cuban independence and played a significant part in the Modernismo (modern) poetry movement. One aspect of Martí's legacy is his strong belief that Latin Americans know their individual histories and identities. He is attributed as a major influence on fellow poets Rubén Darío and the Gabriela Mistral.
Surrealist/existentialist Mexican poet and diplomat Octavio Paz (1914 – 1998) is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century, as well as one of the best Hispanic poets of all time. His literary achievements include the Miguel de Cervantes Prize in 1981, the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1982, and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1990.
Spanish writer Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón (1881–1958), better known as Juan Ramón Jiménez, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956 for his poetic works. He often focused on subjects involving music and color in relation to love and lust. One of his most well-known works is "Platero y yo," which discusses the life of a little donkey (Platero) as a means of exploring themes like simplicity and purity.
Félix Rubén García Sarmiento (1867–1916), better known as Rubén Darío , was a Nicaraguan poet who is credited as the father of the modernismo literary movement. He first coined the term back in 1888 in his essay "La literatura en Centroámerica". A great admirer of the European art movement of symbolism, Darío wrote poems such as "Cantos de vida y esperanza" and "Prosas Profanas."
April is National Poetry Month, and to celebrate Fox News Latino takes a look at some of the most beloved Spanish-language poets.