Laparoscopic tubal ligation is an elective surgery performed on women who want to prevent pregnancy.
The surgeon begins by making a tiny incision near the bellybutton, and another just above the pubic bone.
Carbon dioxide is administered through a tube in the upper incision. This inflates the abdominal cavity, allowing the surgeon to clearly see and work around your internal organs.
Next, a lighted instrument called a laparoscope is placed through one of the incisions.
The laparoscope projects images of the inside of the abdomen, onto a monitor.
The fallopian tubes are grasped with surgical instruments to close them off, using the cutting, tying, blocking, or sealing technique.
After the carbon dioxide is released from the abdomen, the incisions are closed with dissolving stitches.
For most women, recovery usually takes less than a week.