Published February 07, 2013
In spite of medical advances, members of the baby boomer generation are in worse health than their parents were at the same stage of life, with obesity and lack of exercise taking a toll, according to a U.S. study.
About 13 percent of baby boomers - the generation born in the two decades after World War Two - reported being in "excellent" health in middle age, compared to 32 percent of the previous generation who said the same thing at the same stage of life, researchers reported in JAMA Internal Medicine.
"The baby boomer generation has a reputation of being active and putting off retirement... That did not seem to jibe with what we're seeing in our medical offices," said Dana King, the study's lead author, from the West Virginia University School of Medicine.
"We decided to compare them to the previous generation, who were the same exact age at the time."
King and his colleagues used data from an ongoing national health and nutrition survey to compare the answers of people who were 46 to 64 years old between 1988 and 1994, and the baby boomers who were in the same age range between 2007 and 2010.
Overall, about 39 percent of boomers were obese, compared to about 29 percent of the previous generation. Baby boomers were also less likely to get regular exercise.
About 16 percent of baby boomers had diabetes, compared to 12 percent of the previous generation. And baby boomers were more likely to have high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
King and his colleagues also found that more than twice as many baby boomers walk with a cane or walker, compared to the previous generation.
"I was surprised by the magnitude of the change. I suspected the current baby boomers would be not much healthier or maybe the same, but I didn't expect them to have such a big change in disability and obesity," King said.
But the news wasn't all bad. King and his colleagues found that boomers don't smoke as much as the previous generation, and are less likely to have the lung disease emphysema. They were also less likely to have a heart attack.
King said previous research has shown that baby boomers are known to live longer than earlier generations, but that may be a mixed blessing.
"From somewhat of a public health standpoint we've actually had a bad scenario. You live longer, but those extra years you bought - you're sick," he told Reuters Health. "That's not a good public health outcome."
While the study can't explain why baby boomers seem to be in worse shape than their predecessors, King thinks it shows they sit more and don't exercise.
"What's important for the individual reader to understand is that it's not too late to adopt new healthy lifestyle habits and make a big difference in your health," he said.
"It really needs to have a high priority in your personal life. People should just do everything they can to be active and eat health. It would make such a dramatic difference."