If you've ever been to a bar that focuses on craft beer, you've seen a variety of glassware for the various ales, lagers, Pilsners, Hefeweizens, and IPAs poured from bottles or on tap. These vessels are often the traditional shape of the beer glass in the region where a particular style of brew was born: imperial pints for the government-regulated measures of British pubs, long and lean Hefeweizen glasses for wheaty German beers, and tulips from Belgium, where abbey ales have long flourished.
And while beer experts say it's not imperative to have the perfect glass for your beer, it does promote your enjoyment of the brew.
"Beer should be put into a glass for two reasons," says Charlie Bamforth, professor of Malting and Brewing Sciences at the University of California, Davis. "One is, if you drink the beer straight out of the bottle or a can, you don't get the full appreciation of flavor because most of the flavor of beer is detected through the nose. By dangling your nostrils in the beer—in the headspace above the beer—you actually get a full appreciation of the aroma. The second reason you want to pour it in a glass is so that you can admire the foam, and the appearance of the product."
Wine connoisseurs and cocktail aficionados have long had their specialty glassware—just think of the different sizes and shapes of glassware for basic reds, whites, and sparkling wines, to say nothing of the variety in cocktail glassware, from Highballs to shot glasses.
But it's only in recent years that an assortment of beer glass styles has become common in the American craft beer and bartending scene. Last year, two American breweries—Dogfish Head and Sierra Nevada—collaborated on a new IPA glass.
And at Beer Table in Brooklyn, owner Justin Philips features eight styles of glasses for customers to enjoy their brews from, not all of which are traditional beer glasses. In fact, one of his favorite tasting glasses is a 5-ounce sherry glass, which amplifies aroma while maintaining each beer's optimal temperature, which can vary from style to style.
There are dozens of beer glasses out there, but it's not necessary for a home bar to offer one of every shape.
"I don't think if you put an abbey ale in a Pilsner glass, it's going to taste very different, and vice versa," Bamforth says. "There's a tremendous psychological factor at play here." He also points out that not enough scientific research has been done on glassware's effect on the taste of beer. "There's a lot of opinion. I have a colleague who is heavily against the traditional simple pint beer glass. He does not believe that it actually presents beer to its best advantage." He adds, "I'm OK with [a pint glass] as long as it doesn't have the wrong name on it. The worst possible thing you can have, in my opinion, is a certain beer presented in a glass with the wrong name on it."
In fact, the important factor to consider in a beer glass is less the shape and more the cleanliness of the vessel: Residual fat or grease on a glass can kill the foam, which carries aroma and creates a pleasing appearance. How you pour the brew is also crucial.
"Pour it with vigor. Direct the pour at the bottom of the glass," Bamforth says. "You basically get a glass which will be full of foam, and that's OK. Don't rush at it. What will happen is the liquid will start to drain out of that foam, but the foam will become more stable and the material in the beer will stick together. Gradually you top up the beer with the liquid from the bottom of the bottle or the can, and when you're finished, you'll end up with a glass with nice delicious-looking liquid with a nice stable foam on top. It's just a beautiful thing."
Read on to learn about the most common varieties of beer glasses, where they originated, and what beers might best be served in them.
1. Imperial Pint Glass
Long and lean, the Pilsner glass can range in size from 200 ml to 500 ml, and is perfect for lighter Czech lagers like Pilsner Urquell, and American lagers like Yuengling. (A Pilsner is a style of lager distinguished by its straw hue, higher carbonation, and crisp finish.) (Spiegelau, $25 for a set of 2)
3. Weizen or Wheat Glasses
4. Tulip Glass
The shape of the tulip glass is designed for amplifying the aromas of Belgian-style abbey ales and IPAs. Enjoy a floral lambic such as one from Brasserie Cantillon or Flanders red ale Duchesse de Bourgogne in this glass. (Spiegelau, $50 for tasting kit of four glasses)
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